Page:Men of the Time, eleventh edition.djvu/110

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BEALE, Thomas Willert, born in London in 1831, is the author of several hundreds of musical compositions, duets, quartets, and songs. He was called to the bar at Lincoln's Inn in 1863. He is engaged in general literature, fiction, and criticism, and has contributed to the Gentleman's Magazine, Once a Week, and other periodicals under the nom de guerre "Walter Maynard." Mr. Beale is the author of a book called "The Enterprising Impresario," containing personal reminiscences of Grisi, Mario, Viardot, Meyerbeer, Rossini, and Lablache.

BEAUFORT (Duke of), Henry Charles Fitzroy Somerset, Marquis and Earl of Worcester, Earl of Glamorgan, Viscount Grosmont, &c., was born Feb. 1, 1824, and married, July 3, 1845, Georgina Charlotte, eldest daughter of the late Earl Howe, by whom he has issue. His grace, who is a Conservative in politics, and succeeded his father as eighth duke Nov. 17, 1853, is Lieut.-Colonel in the army, was Master of the Horse under Earl Derby's second administration, 1858–9, and was re-appointed to that office under Earl Derby's third administration, in July 1866. His grace takes a great interest in horse-racing, and is President of the Four-in-Hand Club.

BEAUREGARD, Pierre Gustave Toutant, was born at New Orleans, Louisiana, in 1818. He graduated from West Point Military Academy in 1838, and was at first assigned to the artillery, whence he was subsequently transferred to the corps of engineers. He served in the Mexican war, and was twice wounded. He was promoted to a captaincy of engineers in 1853, and was on duty, superintending the erection of Government buildings in New Orleans, and fortifications on the Gulf coast till Jan. 1861, when he was for five days (Jan. 23–28) Superintendent of the United States Military Academy at West Point. He resigned Feb. 20, 1861, joined the Confederates, and commenced the civil war by the bombardment of Fort Sumter, April 12, 1861. He was in actual command of the Southern troops at Bull Run, July 21, 1861, in which the Federals experienced a reverse; for this service he was made a brigadier-general. He was second in command, under General Sydney A. Johnston, at the battle of Shiloh, or Pittsburgh Landing, Tennessee, April 6, 1862; and in the summer and autumn of 1863 successfully defended Charleston and its outworks when besieged by General Gillmore. He was subsequently connected with the army of Joseph E. Johnston in North Carolina up to the time of that general's surrender, April 26, 1865, which brought the war to a close. At the close of the war he had attained the rank of full general, the highest grade in the service. Since the termination of the war, General Beauregard has resided in the Southern States; became president of the New Orleans, Jackson, and Mississippi Railroad; and for a number of years has been one of the managers of the Louisiana State Lottery.

BECKER, Bernard Henry, author and journalist, born in 1833, has for several years past been attached to All the Year Round, and has written a large number of original stories and sketches in that journal. In 1874 he produced "Scientific London"—an account of the rise, progress, and condition of the great scientific institutions of the capital. In an article first published in Iron, and reprinted in "Scientific London," he attacked the management of the Gresham Lectures with such effect as to bring about a reform of the system under which professors are appointed. Mr. Becker published in 1878 a book in two volumes, entitled "Adventurous Lives." Having in the winter of 1878–9 acted as the