Page:Men of the Time, eleventh edition.djvu/1102

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WALLACE— WALSH.

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him by the University of Dublin in 1882.

WALLACE^ BoBBBT« was born in the parish of St. Andrews^ Fife- shire, June 24, 1831, and educated at Geddes Institution, Cidross, the High School, Edinburgh, and the XJniTersities of St. Aiidrews and Edinburgh, graduating MA. in the former 'in 1853. He entered the Church, and became successively Minister of Newton-upon-Ayr, in Dec., 1857 ; Minister of Trinity College Church, Edinburgh, in Dec., 1860; Examiner in Philo- sophy, in the University of St. Andrews, in April, 1866 ; Minister of Old Greyfriars, Edinburgh, in Dec., 1868; D.D. of the University of Glasgow in 1869 ; and Professor of Church History in the Univer- sity of Edinburgh, in Dec., 1872. He quitted the clerical profession in Aug., 1876, when he became editor of the Scotsman in succession to the late Dr. Bussel.

WALLON, Henri Alexandre, was born at Valenciennes, Dec. 23, 1812. In 1840 he became a Pro- fessor with M. Guizot at the Sor- bonne, where he lectured on history and geography. In 1860 he gained the Golibert Prize of the French Academy for a work on Joan of Arc. He was returned to the National Assembly in Feb., 1871, as a mode- rate Conservative by the depart- ment of the Nord, but he joined the Lavergne group on the question of the Constitutional Laws. To his moderation and vigour was due the definitive establishment of the Bepublic, and accordingly M. Biiff et, on forming his administra- tion in March, 1875, nominated him Minister of Public Instruction. It was he who proposed the clause which first gave constitutional shape to the Republic. M. WaUon is a member of the Institute. He was a candidate for the seat in the French Academy that had been vacated by M. Claude Bernard, but M. Benan defeated him by 19 to 15 (June 13, 1878).

WALPOLE, The Right Hon. Spencer Horatio, born in 1806, was educated at Eton and Trinity College, Cambridge, where he ob- tained the first prize for English declamation, and another for the best essay on the character and conduct of William III. Having been called to the bar in 1831, by the Society of Lincoln's Inn, of which he is a bencher, he obtained a large practice in the Courts of Chancery, and became a Q.C. in 1846. He was returned in the Con- servative interest for Midhurst in Jan., 1846, and represented that borough till Feb., 1856, when he was elected one of the members for the University of Cambridge. He distinguished himself in the debate which took place in 1849, on the Navigation Laws; and in the dis- cussions on the Ecclesiastical Titles Bill in 1851. On the accession of Lord Derby to office in 1852, Mr. Walpole sacrificed his practice at the Chancery Bar to accept the post of Secretary of State for the Home Department, and in that capacity carried through Parliament the measure for embodying the militia. After leaving office Mr. Walpole became Chairman of the Great Western Railway. He held the seals of the Home Office in Lord Derby's second administration in 1858, but resigned in March, 1859, owing to a difference in opinion with his colleagues with regard to the Reform Bill . He was appointed Secretary of State for the Home Department in Lord Derby's third administration in 1866, and resigned May 9, 1867, retaining a scat in the Cabinet without office. He retired with his colleagues in 1868. Mr. Walpole resigned his seat for the University of Cambridge in Nov., 1882.

WALSH, John Henry, F.R.C.S., was born at Hackney, Oct. 21, 1810, and educated at a private school in Dorsetshire. He practised as a surgeon at Worcester until 1852, when he removed to London. He