Page:Men of the Time, eleventh edition.djvu/1103

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1086

WALSH— WANKLYN.

has been editor of the Field since 1857. Mr. Walsh wrote "The Greyhound " in 1855. It was first published in Bell's Life, and then in book-form. He compiled " Bri- tish Rural Sports" in six months of 1855; and wrote "The Dog in Health and Disease," in 1858; "The Horse in the Stable and the Field ; ** and " The Shot Gun and Rifle," in 1850. He edited "Dogs of the British Islands" in 1866. Mr. Walsh is also the author of "The Modern Sportsman, Gun, and Rifle," vol. i., 1882 j and of " Do- mestic Economy and Domestic Medicine."

WALSH, Walter Hayle, M.D., bom in Dublin, in 1816, was edu- cated at Paris, and at Edinburgh, where he graduated M.D. He is Emeritus Professor of Medicine in University College, London, having filled that chair, which he resigned in 1862, for thirteen years. He has written "Practical Treatise on the Lungs," 1842 ; '* Nature and Treat- ment of Cancer," 1846 ; and " Dis- eases of the Heart and Great Vessels," 3rd edit. 1862. He is a Fellow of the Royal College of Phy- sicians, London, and an associate of several foreign medical colleges.

WALTER, John, M.P., eldest son of the late Mr. John Walter, of Bearwood, Berks, some time mem- ber for that county, born in London, in 1818, was educated at Eton, gra- duated in honours at Exeter Col- lege, Oxford, took his M.A. degree in 1843, and waa called to the bar at Lincoln's Inn in 1847. He was an unsuccessful candidate in the Liberal-Conservative interest for Nottingham in 18^13 ; was returned in Aug., 1817, the day after his father's death, and continued to represent that borough till April, 1859, when he was elected for Berks. He was defeated at the general elec- tion in July, 1865, but was again elected in 1868, 1874, and 1880. The name which Mr. Walter bears is intimately associated with the history of what Burke called " The

Fourth Estate," his cfrandfather having published the first number of the Times, Jan. 1, 1788. His father raised that journal to emi- nence, and by his energy in induc- ing men of talent to contribute to its columns, rendered it a great organ of free opinions and popular knowledge ; and, in spite of many obstacles, fiirst brought the steam- engine to the aid and service of the newspaper press.

WANKLYN, James Alfbbd, M.R.C.S., chemist; for some time lecturer on Chemistry and Physics at St. George's Hospital, at present public analyst for the county of Bucks, and the towns of Bucking- ham, High Wycombe, Peterbo- rough, and Shrewsbury (formerly Professor of Chemistry at the London Institution), was born in 1834 ; studied at Heidelberg under Bunsen, and, in 1858, prepared Propionic acid by the action of Carbonic acid on Sodium-Ethyl, being the first example of the arti- ficial production of an organic sub- stance directly from Carbonic acid. In 1861, in conjunction with Dr. Lyon Playfair, he communicated to the Royai Society of Edinburgh a paj>er " On a mode of taking the density of vapours of volatile liquids at temi)eratures below the boiling point." Subsequently he pursued conjointly with Dr. Emil Erlen- meyer a series of researches which, besides settling the formula of Mannite and uie relation of the sugar group to the alcoholic series, afforded one of the earliest and most complete studies of isomerism among the alcohols. In 1867, he prepared Propione, by the action of I Carbonic acid on Sodium-Ethyl, and, together with the late Mr. E. , T. Chapman and Mr. Miles H. Smith, invented the well-known Ammonia process of Water Analysis. Some years later, conjointly with Mr. W. J. Cooper, he brought out the moist combustion process. In 1871, he conducted for the Government an investigation into the quality