Page:Men of the Time, eleventh edition.djvu/249

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the presence of the Secretary for Native Affairs^ Mr. (afterwards Sir) Theophilus Shepstone . In the year 1878 Sir Bartle Prere, Governor of Cape Colony^ visited Natal in his capacity of the Queen's High Com- missioner for South Africa. He regarded Cetewayo's military power, which had been built up with so much tyranny, as a constant menace to Natal and l^e Transvaal. There- fore he sent an ultimatum, which was delivered to Cetewayo's mes- sengers on Dec. 11, calling upon him to make reparation for certain alleged outrages on British subjects, to disband his formidable army, to abandon his tyrannical system of government, and to accept a British Resident. Cetewayo returned no answer; and on Jan. 11, 1879, the term of grace allowed by Lord Chelmsford, the commander-in- chief, having expired, 13,000 British troops ente^d Zululand. The war, which was signalised at its com- mencement by the terrible disaster at Isandhlwana, so gallantly re- trieved by the stubborn defence of the post at Eorke's Drift, was brought to a close by the battle of Ulundi (July 4), where Lord Chelmsford defeated and dispersed the Zulu army. Cetewayo escaped and fled into the bush, but was captured on Aug. 28 by Major Marter. The terms of peace offered by Sir Garnet Wolseley, who had superseded Lord Chelmsford in the chief command, were accepted by the chiefs and the people ; and Zululand was organized in thirteen separate governments, with a British Eesident exercising control over all. Cetewayo was detained as an Imperial prisoner in the Castle at Cape Town, but in Jan. 1881, he was removed to a farm in the country called Oude Molen, which had been purchased expressly for his accommodation ; the object being to give him all reasonable indulgence and freedom, subject to such regulations as might be neces- sary for his safe detention. After-

wards he petitioned to be released, and it was arranged that he should be brought to England in the fol- lowing year. The e):-King arrived at Plymouth Aug. 3, 1882, and immediately came to London, where he occupied a private house, which had been prepared for him and his suite by the 6k>vemment in Mel- bury Terrace, Holland Park, South Kensington. He visited the Earl of Eimberley at the Colonial OfBce, Mr. Gladstone in Downing Street, the Queen at Osborne, and the Prince and Princess of Wales at Marlborough House. An announce- ment was made in the House of Lords on Aug. 15 that Her Majesty's GK>vemment had made arrange- ments for the restoration of C^e- wayo to a portion of his former dominions, with certain safeguards and conditions. Shortly afterwards (Sept. 1) Cetewayo left England, and returned to his own country, but was not received with much enthusiasm by the natives. Dis- turbances arose shortly afterwards. CHABAUD-LATOUE, Babon DB, Fban<^i8 Ernest Hxnbi, a French general and statesman, bom at Ntmes, Jan. 25, 1804, was educated in the Polytechnic School, and became a capt^n of engineers in 1827. He took part in the con- quest of Algeria in 1830, and in the siege of Antwerp in 1882, and he assisted in the fortification of Paris. In 1837 he entered the Chamber of Deputies as a staunch Conservative. After the Bevolulion of 1848 he withdrew from political life ; but, under the Empire, he commanded the Engineers in Algeria. Ht% became a general of division in 1857, and was placed on the reserve list in 1869. During the war with Germany, he was principal com* mander of the Engineers in Paris, exhibiting great activity and promptitude in the preparations for the siege. On peace beins concluded, he received the Gr^d Cross of the Legion of Honour, and he was elected a member of the