Afisembly for the department of the Qard, while his son was returned by the department of the Cher. He joined the Bight C^itre ; and as he showed a warm interest in military questions^ the Committee OQ the FortificatiiHi Scheme ap- pointed him their reporter. In Jmoe, 1874, he was nominated MTnigfa>r of the Interior^ and he held the office till May, 1875. <3(eneral Chaband-Ijatoiir supporfced the late M. Qxiizot and the Ortnodox party in the Protestant Synod in their contest with M. Athanase Coqnerel and his adherents. M. le Baron de Chabaud-Latonr was President of the Committee of For- tifications. He was elected Senator for life by the department of the Gard in Nov., 1877.
CHADBOTJBNB, Paul Axsel, D.D., LL.D., born at Berwick, Maine, U.S., Oct. 21, 1823, gra- dnated at Williams College in 1848, and became Professor of Nataral History and Chemistry in Bowdoin College, Maine, and Wil- liams College, Mass., Senator of Massachusetts 1865 and 1866. He became President of the Unirersity of Wisconsin in 1867, and held this position until his election as Presi- dent of Williams College in 1872, when he socceeded the distinguished metaphysician. Dr. Mark Hopkins. Dr. Chadboume's chief work has been in natural history, and he has spent much time and money in BdenisHc pursuits. He has headed several scientific expeditions, and is perhaps the only man living who has gone over aU those northern countries of the Vikings — ^the Faroe islands, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Iceland, Greenland, Labrador, and Newfoundland. He is the author of works on natural history and natural theology ; " The Relations of Science to B^igion ; " and " In- stinct in Men and Animals."
CHADWICK, David, youngest son of John and Rebecca Chadwick, was born at Macclesfield, Dec. 23, 1621. He was educated at Man-
chester, and in 1843 commenced business as a professional account- ant. In 1844 he was appointed Treasurer to the Corporation of Salford, and retained that office till 1860. He took an active part in the establishment of the Salford Royal Free Libmry and Museum, Peel Park, and of the Salford Working Men's College, and was the first treasurer of both institu- tions. He was Honorary Secretary, and afterwards President, of the Manchester Statistical Society, and was the first President of the Man- chester Institute of Accountants. He was elected M.P. for Maccles- field in 1868, and was re-elected in 1874. In 1880 he was again re- turned for the same constituency, but on petition the election was declared void. No new writ was issued, and a Royal Commission declared in March, 1881, that ex- tensive bribery had prevailed. He was sometime a member of the Council of the London Statistical Society, and wrote a history of the rate of wages in Lancashire in 200 trades and occu})ations during twenty years, 1839 to 1859. He is also the author of various essays on Parliamentary Representation, Working Men's Colleges, Poor Rates and Principle of Rating, Water Meters, Financial Aspect of Sanitary Reform, the Equitable Adjustment of the Income-Tax, ana Joint Stock Companies. He is a prize essayist and associate of the Institute of Civil Engineers, and head of the firm of ChfS wicks, Collier, and Co., accountants, of London and Manchester. Ho erected and established the Mac- clesfield Free Library, and pre- sented it to the Corporation ; and was one of the founders of the Globe Cotton Spinning and Manu- facturing Company in that town. He married, first, Louisa, youngest daughter of William Bow, Esq., of Houghton, and, second, XJrsula, eldest daughter of Thomas Sopwith, Esq., M.A., C.B„ F.R.S., of New-