Cbambers^ denied the Intimacy of the coaiqiiestB of the KeTolution^ which he termed "a revolt of a minority contrary to the wishes of the country." AboTe all, he re- fused to allow the standard of Henry lY., of Francis I., and of Joan of Arc^ to be snatched from his hands ; " and in conclusion he said, ** Fr^chmen ! Henry V. can- not abandon the White Flag of Henry IV." At the same time he announced his intention of rolun- tarily withdrawing into exile in order not to grive, by his presence in Fnuice, new pretexts for the agitation of men's minds. Accord- ingly, he went to C^eneva, and from thence to Lucerne. In Jan., 1872, the rumour of a fusion between the two branches of the royal family was again rerived. Journals, sup- posed to be well-informed, even went so far as to' speak of the Count de Paris as " the Dauphin," and hinted that Henry Y. would abdicate after reigning a short time ; but the Count de Chambord formally contradicted all such re- ports by a letter (Jan. 25, 1872), in which he re-affirmed his fidelity to his prindples, and stated his deter- mination never to abdicate or to become "the Legitimist King of the Kevoluti<Hi." In the following month a document, the text of which was kept secret, but which was, in fact, a programme of a con- stitutional goYemment, was signed by 280 Deputies, and presented to the Count at Antwerp, whither he had repaired to receive the homage of his subjects and the oommunica- ticms of his friends ; but the Libe- rals in the Belgian Chamber com- plained of the Count's presence in the country, and he in consequence aoon afterwards retired to FroHs- dorf . However, the fusion of the two branches of the family, so long delayed, was at last accomplished on Aug. 5j 1873, when the Count de Paris nad an interview with the Count de Chambord at Frohsdorf , and acknowledged him as the Head
of the Boyal House of France. In that and the succeeding month the belief that the restoration of Henry y. to the throne of his ancestors was at hand spread all over France. The Count de Chambord received at Frohsdorf, Oct. 12, a deputation from the Bight Party in the national assembly, and the different sections of that party held meet- ings to consider the means of re- establishing the monarchy. But to the chagrin of his friends the Count addressed to M. de Chesnelong, who had been the medium of com- munication between him and his adherents, a letter in which he ex- pressed opinions so reactionary in their clu^acter as to render his restoration impracticable. In this latter, dated Salzburg, Oct. 27, he declined to submit to any conditions or to give any guarantees, and he concluded as follows: — **My per- sonality is nothing; my principle is everything. !France will see the end of her tnals when she is willing to understand this. I am a neces- sary pilot — the only one capable of guidmg the ship to port, because I have for that a mission of autho- rity. You, sir, are able to do much to remove misunderstandings and prevent weaknesses in the hour of struggle. Your consoling words on leaving Salzburg are ever present to my mind. France cannot perish, for Christ still loves his Franks ; and when God has resolved to save a people. He takes care that the Sceptre of Justice is only put into hands strong enough to hold it." The Count de Chambord issued another manifesto to the French
C)le Jidy 3, 1874. Since then he written several letters in sup- port of his principles and claims.
CHANDLER, Chables Fbbde- BiCK, Ph.D., M.D., LL.D., born at Lancaster, Massachusetts, Dec. 6, 1836. He studied at the Lawrence Scientific School of Harvard College, and afterwards at the Universities of Gttttingen and Berlin, receiving his degree of Ph.D. at Gdttingen in