at Mr. W. Simpson's, Hackney; and afterwards at King's College, London. He was appointed in 1842 Demonstrator of Morbid Anatomy at St. Thomas's Hospital; in 1851, assistant surgeon; and in 1857 surgeon to the Royal Orthopædic Hospital; in 1854 lecturer on surgery at the Grosvenor Place School of Medicine; in 1855 surgeon to the Great Northern Hospital; and in 1874 surgeon to the National Hospital for the Paralysed and Epileptic. Mr. Adams was elected vice-president of the Pathological Society of London in 1867; president of the Harveian Society of London in 1873; and president of the Medical Society of London in 1876. He is author of "A Sketch of the Principles and Practice of Subcutaneous Surgery," 1857; "On the Reparative Process in Human Tendons after Division," 1860; "Lectures on Pathology and Treatment of Lateral Curvature of the Spine," 1865; "On the Pathology and Treatment of Club-foot," 1866 (being the Jacksonian prize essay of the Royal College of Surgeons for 1864); "Subcutaneous Division of the Neck of the Thigh-Bone, for Bony Anchylosis of the Hip-Joint," 1871; and "On the Treatment of Dupuytren's Contraction of the Fingers; and on the Obliteration of Depressed Cicatrices by Subcutaneous Operation," 1879.
ADAMS, William Henry Davenport, author and journalist, born 1829, began his career as the editor of a provincial newspaper, and, removing to the metropolis at an early age, became connected with several influential journals and periodicals. Of late years he has devoted himself almost entirely to book-writing, producing numerous works of a miscellaneous character, and an annotated edition of the Plays of Shakspere. His adaptations from the French of Louis Figuier and Arthur Mangin have done good service to the cause of popular science in this country, and his translations of those famous rhapsodies of the late M. Michelet, "The Bird," "The Sea," "The Mountain," and "The Insect," have obtained popularity. Mr. Davenport Adams has also reproduced in English, from the manuscript of Mdme. Michelet, her charming monograph on "Nature, or the Poetry of Earth and Sea." His other publications, numbering upwards of a hundred, cannot, of course, be mentioned in detail; but we may refer to "The Bird World," "The Arctic World," "The Mediterranean Illustrated," "Episodes of Anglo-Indian History," "Woman's Work and Worth," "Women of Fashion and Representative Women in Letters and Society," 1878; "English Party-Leaders and English Parties, from Walpole to Peel," 2 vols., 1878; "Hours of the Cross," 1880; and "Plain Living and High Thinking," 1881. Mr. Adams was editor of The Scottish Guardian from June, 1870, to Dec., 1877. His son, Mr. W. Davenport Adams, has produced a "Dictionary of English Literature," and a work on "Famous Books," besides publishing three collections of annotated poetry, entitled "Lyrics of Love from Shakspere to Tennyson," "The Comic Poets of the Nineteenth Century," and "Latter-Day Lyrics."
ADAMS-ACTON, John, sculptor, born Dec. 11, 1833, at Acton, Middlesex, and educated at Ealing Grove School, was admitted to the Royal Academy in 1853, where he gained the first silver medal in each school, and also the gold medal for an original composition in sculpture. He was sent to Rome by the Royal Academy as travelling student. His principal works in ideal sculpture produced in Rome and in England are "The Lady of the Lake," "The First Sacrifice" (Abel), "II Giuocatore di Castelletto," "Pharaoh's Daughter;" "Zonobia," "Cupid," "Psyche," from Morris's