1875. In 1862 he was elected an Elder Brother of the Corporation of the Trinity House, and since Sept. 7, 1875, he has occupied the honourable position of Deputy Master of that Corporation. "The China Pilot," compiled chiefly from the surveys of Captain Collinson, was published in 1855, and reached a second edition in 1858. He is the author of "Nine Weeks in Canada," published in "Vacation Tourists and Notes of Travel in 1861; edited by Francis Galton," Cambridge, 1862; and he edited for the Hakluyt Society, "The Three Voyages of Martin Frobisher, in search of a passage to Cathaia and India by the North-west, a.d. 1576-8," London, 8vo, 1867.
COLLYER, Robert, born at Keighly, Yorkshire, Dec. 8, 1823. His early years were passed at a factory and at a forge, but he spent all his spare time in study. In 1847 he went to the United States, and became a Methodist preacher, working at the same time at his trade of blacksmith, at Shoemakerstown, Pennsylvania. His views changing towards Unitarianism, he was brought up for heresy and refused a license to preach. Entering the Unitarian Church he was settled over the Unity Church, Chicago, from 1859 to 1879, and since then he has had charge of the Church of the Messiah at New York. Mr. Collyer is a most successful lecturer, as well as an eloquent preacher and effective worker. He is the author of "Nature and Life," 1867; "A Man in Earnest: Life of A. H. Conant," 1868; "The Life that Now is," 1871; and "The Simple Truth," 1878.
COLOMBO, Bishop of. (See Coplestone.)
COLQUHOUN, Sir Patrick (MacChombaich de), LL.D., eldest son of the late Chevalier James de Colquhoun, who was private secretary to Mr. Dundas, and afterwards chargé d'affaires of the Hanseatic republics, was born in 1815, and educated at Westminster, and became scholar of St. John's College, Cambridge, where he graduated B.A. in 1837 and M.A. in 1844, taking the degree of Juris utriusque Doctor at Heidelberg and subsequently that of LL.D. at Cambridge in 1851. He was called to the bar in 1838, and appointed Plenipotentiary by the Hanseatic republics to conclude commercial treaties with Turkey, Persia, and Greece. On his return, in 1844, he went the Home circuit. He is the author of "A Summary of the Roman Civil Law, illustrated by Commentaries and Parallels from the Mosaic, Canon, Mohammedan, English, and Foreign Laws," published in 1849–60. He was appointed Aulic Councillor to the king of Saxony in 1857, and was standing counsel to H.M.'s Legation till the abolition of the office by the war of 1866. He was also Councillor of Legation of the grand duke of Oldenburg. By both of these sovereigns he was decorated with the order of knighthood of Civil Merit in 1850 and 1856. He was made a Commander of Albert the Valorous of Saxony, 1867, and received the first class, in brilliants, of the Iftihar of Turkey in 1844, and the Grand Commanders Cross of the Redeemer of Greece in 1847. He was appointed Member of the Supreme Council of Justice of the Ionian Islands by Sir Edward Bulwer Lytton in 1858; became Chief Justice of the court in 1861, and received the honour of knighthood. On the cession of the Ionian Islands to Greece in 1864, Sir P. Colquhoun returned to England, and was appointed one of Her Majesty's Counsel in 1868, and a Member of the Inner Temple Bench. Sir Patrick is the author of various treatises on learned and classical subjects in different languages; is an Hon. Fellow of the Royal Academy of History of Madrid, of the Royal Antiquarian Society of Athens, of the Imperial Academy of Sciences of the Sublime Porte;