ex^. In 1881 Mr. Coulthart was placed in the Commiaaiofn of the Peace for Kirkcadbrightshire^ and in 1882 the Earl of SeUdrk, with the ^nproyal of Her Majesty, ap- pointea him a Deputy-lAeatenant o€ the same oonnty. Mr. Coulthart is a Fellow of the Boyal Society of LdteFotore of England, of the So- ciety of Antiquaries of Scotland, and of the Gcoiealogical and His- Uirical Society of Great Britain.
COUBTENAY, Thb Bioht Bbv. ^MQUfAU), D.D., son of the late
- ^ght Hon. Thomas Peregrine
Ckyartenay, born in 1813, graduated at Magdalen Hall, Oxford (B.A., 1835; M.A.,1838; D.D., 1853). He was rector of Thornton Watlass, Yorkshire, from 1842 to 1853 ; was iq>pointed Archdeacon of Middlesex, Jamaica, in 1853, and oonsecrated as Bishop of Kingston, and Coad- jutor to the Bishop of Jamaica in 1856, retaining^ his archdeaconry and receiving JB1,600 a year from the Bishop of Jamaica, with juris- diction over the entire diocese, which includes British Honduras. He resigned in 1879. He has written *• The Pntnre States, their Nature and Evidences ;" an " Ac- count of the Church of England " (for members of other churches), published in English, Italian, and Spaiush ; " Jose]^ and his Breth- ren ; " and a volume of " Three Pastoral Chariges/*
COUKTNEY, Leonabd Hxnbt, M.P., eldest son of the late Mr. John Sampson Courtney, banker, of Penzance, Cornwall, by Sarah, daughter oS Mr. John Mortimer, of St. Slwry's, Scilly, was born at Pen- zance, July 6, 1832. He was edu- cated at the Begent House Academy in that town, under Mr. Bichard Baines, and afterwards privately under Mr. L. B. Willan, M.D. According to a memoir of him in "Men of the West," he was for some time in the bank of Messrs. Bolitho, Sons, and Co., in which concern his father was a partner. He went to St John's College^
Cambridge, in 1851, and graduated B.A. as Second Wrangler in 1855, being bracketed First Smith's Prizeman. In the following year he was elected a Fellow of his college. For some time he was engaged in private tuition at the umversity. In 1858 he was called to the bar at Lincoln's Inn. He was appointed in 1872 to the Chair of Political Economy at University College, London, and held that professorship until a lengthened visit to India in the winter of 1875-6 necessitated his retirement. For two years he was Examiner in Constitutional History in the Uni- versity of London (1873-75). In 1874 he contested Liskeard but polled only 329 votes, against 33i recorded for Mr. Horsman, but at the election which was held aSter that g^tleman's death, Mr. Court- ney gained the coveted seat Dec. 22, 1876, polling 388 votes against 281 votes given to his opponent, Lieut. - Colonel Sterling. He was appointed Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department in Dec. 1880. In August, 1881, he was ap- pointed Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies, in succession to Mr. Grant Duff, who had been nominated Governor of Madras ; and in May, 1882, he succeeded the late Lord Frederick Cavendish as Financial Secretary to the Treasury. Mr. Courtney is an advanced Liberal, and in favour of the exten- sion of the principle of proportional representation; and he is also in favour of an absolute security being given by legislation to agricultural tenants for compensation for their improvements. He has been a regular writer for the Times since 1864. In 1860 he published a pam- phlet on " Direct Taxation ; " and to the " Journal of the Statistical Society" (1868), he contributed a paper on the " Finances of the United States, 1861-67." He has been charged with appropriating the credit of Mr. M'Culloch's article on " Money," when writing for the