gmeer of the North Western Pro- ▼ia^es in 1858 ; Archaeological Snr- Tey^^-Qenenl of India in 1870; Coanpanion of the Star of India, 1871. Gkneral Cnnningham is the author of many artictes on anti- quarian subjects in the Journal of uie Bengal Asiatic Society, and other periodicals; The BhUsa T<^ies, or Buddhist Monuments of Central India/' 1854; "An Essay on the Arian Order of Architec- ture," 1846; "Ladak, Physical, Statistical, and Historical," 1854; and Toluminous official reports on tiie Antiquities of Northern Hindo- stan, which are now being re- printed by order of the Government
of Ind ia .
drNLIFFE-OWEN, Sib Fran- cis Phimp, K.C.M.G., C.B., C.I.B., ia ihe youngest son of Captain Charles Cunliff e-Owen, of the Boyal Nayy, by Mary, only daughter of the late Sir Henry BlosseS;, some- time Chief Justice of Bengal. He was born in 1828. He was brought up for the navy, and ente^d the service at the age of twelve, but after being five years employed on the Mediterranean ajid other stations, was compelled to retire on account of ill-health. Shortly afterwards he obtained an ax^Kuntment in the Science and Art Department, then established at Marlborough House, where his ability, quickness, and readiness of resource attracted the notice of his superiors, and recommended him to Sir He^iry Cole. In 1855 he was appointed one of the superintend- ents of the Paris Exhibition. His energy there displayed led to his appointment two years later as Deputy-General Superintendent of the Museum at South Kensington, where he was promoted, in 1860, to the post of Assistant-Director. In 1862 he was appointed Director of the Foreign Sections of the second Interaatianal Exhibition at Ken- amgton, where he was oontinuously ew^loyed down to 1867, when he woBBg^m sent to Paris as Assistant
Executive Commissioner, at the Exhibition of that year. In 1873 was nominated Secretary of the Boyal British Commission at the great Exhibition at Vienna, imder the immediate command of the Prince of Wales as president. At the close of this exhibition Mr. Cunliife-Owen had conferred on him the Companionship of the Order of the &th, and shortly afterwards he succeeded Sir Henry Cole in the directorship of the South Kensington Museum. He is a member of the Committee of Coun- cil on Education in the Science and Art Department. In 1875 he went to America as Executive Commis- sioner to the Centennial Exhibition held at Philadelphia, where he or- ganized the British section. In discharging the duties of the post which he held as the representative of this country at the Paris Exhi- bition of 1878 he won golden opinions; and in acknowledgment of his services he was created a Knight Commander of the Order of St. Michael and St. George, Oct. 30, 1878. He was knighted by the Queen at Windsor, Nov. 27, 1878.
CUBCI, Cablo Mabia, an Italian ecclesiastic, born about 1800, en- tered the Society of Jesus, of which he soon became a distinguished ornament. Both as a pulpit orator and as a writer on theological sub- jects he acquired a high reputation throughout Italy. His name drew crowoB to hear him when he preached, and he delivered dis- courses in nearly every city of the peninsula. Three times he was the Lent preacher before the Chapter of San Pietro in Vaticano, where His Holiness, Pope Pius IX., was wont occasionally to be present, privately, at his sermon. Father Curd also founded, and mainly set forward, the CiviUd Cattolica. So highly did the late Pope esteem this periodical, that he provided for its permanent continuance, in Rome or elsewhere, under the management of the Jesuits. Father