DUNBAR— DUNCAN .
1856 at Halle, where he was ap-
e minted extraordinary Professor of istory in 1858, and ordinary Pro- fessor in 1866. He is a member of the Academy of Munich, and since 1871 he has been an ordinary mem- ber of the Historical Commission of Mimich. He was elected a cor- responding member of the French Academy of Sciences March 30, 1882. Among his works we may men- tion :—" The Pilgrim of Passan, and the Archbishopric of Lorch," 1854 ; " On the Early History of the Slavs in Dalmatia," 1856 ; " The Formulary of Bishop Salomo III. of Constance," 1857 j "History of the Kingdom of the Eastern Franks," 2 vols., 1862-65, his prin- cipal work, which was " crowned " with two prizes ; " Auxilius and Bulgarius,*^ 1866 J "Anselm the Peripatetic," 1872 ; and " The Em- peror Otho the Great," 1876.
DUNBAE, Sib William, Bart., of Mochrum, Wigtonshire, N.B., eldest son of the late James Dunbar, Esq., formerly of the 2l8t Light Dragoons, born March 2, 1812, and educated at the University of Edin- burgh* was called to the Scotch bar in 1835, but has never practised. He succeeded as seventh baronet, on the death of his uncle. Sir Wil- liam Rowe Dunbar, June 22, 1841. He is a Magistrate and Deputy-Lieu- tenant for the county of Wigtown, and represented, in the Liberal inter- est, the Wigtown burghs from 1857 to 1865. In 1859 he was appointed a Lord of the Treasury, and Keeper of the Privy Seal to the Prince of Wales, as owner of the Duchy of Cornwall; in 1863 he became Keeper of the Great Seal of the Prince of Wales, as Steward of Scotland, which office, though honorai^ and unsalaried, is one of high distinc- tion, rankhig next to that of Chan- cellor of the Duchy of Cornwall; and he was appointed Comptroller- General of the Exchequer and Chair- man of the Board of Audit, July 27, 1865. On the abolition of the Board
- Audit in April, 1867, he was ap-
pointed, by patent under the Great Seal, Comptroller-General of JE.M/s Exchequer and Auditor-General of public accounts.
DUNCAN, James Matthews, M.D., F.E.S.E., born April 29, 1826, at Aberdeen, was educated at the Grammar School of Aberdeen, Ma- rischal College and University, spent one winter at the Universi^ of Edinburgh, and the next at the Medical School of Paris. He was formerly a member of Council of the Boyal Society of Edinburgh, and is at present a member of Council of the Eoyal College of Physicians. Dir. Duncan took an active and intimate part in the dis- covery of the anfiBsthetic property of chloroform in 1847, contributing largely to the diffusion of know- ledge r^^ding it; and was the means of extending the operation of the "Medical Benevolent Fund" to Scotland. In 1860 he began, with a few others, the Edinburgh Boyal Hospital for Sick Childr^, which is now in successful opera- tion, and is one of the largest and best hospitals of the kind in the world. Dr. Duncan began, in 1853, to lecture on midwifery, and diseases of women and children, in connec- tion with the Surgeons' Hall Medi- cal School; in 1870 he was a candi- date for the chair of Midwifery in tiie University of Edinburgh, when his claims were supported by 420 former and present pupils. In con- sequence of his not getting the chaii much public indignation was ex- cited against tiie patrons, and a meeting was held in London, of those interested in the University of Edinburgh, to recommend and procure a change in \he method of electing professors. In 1877 he waa offered the offices of obstetric phy- sician and lecturer in St. Bartholo- mew's Hospital, London, which he accepted, and he accordingly came to reside in London. Among his works are a treatise "On Perime- tritis and Parametritis ; " " Ee- searches in Obstetrics;" "Fecun-