Page:Men of the Time, eleventh edition.djvu/392

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EGYPT— EICHTHAL.

375

htdepemd€fU, a religions weekly, of wliiefa be had previously been the weitem correspcmdent. A few moBtha later lie was made snper- intencBsi^ editor, w^bich position he resigned in Jiily, 1871, to take cham of The Hearth and Home. His nrst two noTels, contributed as serials to this latter paper, haying opened a new and tempting path to him, he resigned the editorehip of The Hearth and Home aboat the end of 1872, and bas not since attached bixnaelf editoriall j to any periodical. In 1874 he carried out a long-cberisbed plan of establish- ing an Independent Church without a creed. To do this he accepted the can of the Lee Avenue Conjnre- gaticmal Church, in the Eastern Dis- trict of Brooklyn, conditioned on its acceptance of this platform, or lack of platform. He was obliged in 1879 to resign this pastorate on account of the complete breaking down of his health ; and since his recovery he has wholly given up preaching and all jmblic speaking, and has devoted himself entirely to letters. Mr. Eggleston paid a brief visit to Europe in 1877, and spent about a year here, from 1879 to 1880. Since his return to America be bas resided at Lake George, New Tork. He has published "The Hooeder Schoolmaster," 1871 ; "The End of the World, 1872 ; " Mys- tery of Metropolisville," 1873 ; " The Circuit Eider," 1874; "School- master's Stories for Boys and Girls," 187 1 ; and " Eoxy," 1878, In con- nection with Mrs. L. E. Seelye he be^an in 1879 a series of American biographic, of which there have been issued up to the present " Brandt and Bed Jacket," "Pocar bontas," " Tecumseh and the Shaw- nee Prophet," "Montezuma and the Conquest of Mexico," and "Bed Eagle and the Wars with the | Creek IiidiaQS." |

EGYPT, VrcBBOT of. (See Tbw- j

EICHTHAli, GusTAVB n', publi- dst, descended from a family of

rich hankers of Jewish origin, was bom at Nancy in 1804; studied economical questions upon leaving college, and joined the Saint-Si- monian school. Taking part in the association which had for its head M. Enfantin, he assisted in the editorship of the Olohe and Organi- sateur. UpK>n the dispersion of the sect, M. Eichthal, who had sacri- ficed a large portion of his f orttme in the promotion of his ideas, went to Greece, became a member of the bureau of Political Economy, and published anonymously a work entitled " Les Deux Mondes," which served as an introduction to that on Turkey by Mr. Urquhart. He is one of the principal founders of the Soci^t^ d'Ethnologie, of which he became Secretary, and in the Transactions of which he has pub- lished a work entitled " Histoire et Origine des Poulhas ou Fellans," which appeared in a separate form in , 1842 ; and another, entitled " Etude sur I'Histoire Primitive des Baces Oc^aniennes et Am^ri- caines." In concert with M. Ismayl Urbain, he published, in 1839, "Lettres sur la Bace Noire et Blanche." M. d*Eichthal, who had previouslv been appointed a mem- ber of the central committee of the Soci^t^ Geogpraphique, assisted in 1848 in the editorship of the journal Le Credit, and since that time has devoted himself to social questions, and the amelioration of the condition of the human race. In 1863 M. d'Eichthal published %n exegetical work, entitled "Les Evangues," and in the Revue Arch^- logique, "£tudes sur les Origines Boudhiques de la Civilisation Am^'- ricaine. These were followed by "Examen Critique et Comparatif des trois premiers £vangiles;" " £tude sur la Philoeophie de la Justice Platon ;" and " De TUsage Pratique de la Langue Grecque," conjointly with M. Benien, of Athens, 1864 ; and " Les trois Grands Peuples M^diterran^ens et le Christianisme," 1865. After the