Page:Men of the Time, eleventh edition.djvu/413

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396

FALKLAND ISLANDS— FALLOUX.

the Khone ; on July 10, gave battle to the Bavarians at Hainmelberg, Kissingen, Waldaschach ; and on July 16 took possession of Frank- fort. He had brilliantly discharged the difficult task committed to him, and on July 19 was relieved of the command of the Main army, and nominated Military Commander of Bohemia, in order that he might thence conduct the operations against Bavaria. On the conclusion of peace. General von Falkenstein undertook the command of the First Army Corps, and received the Grand Cross of the Order of the Eed Eagle, with swords, in recog- nition of his splendid services. On the outbreak of the war with France, in 1870, Vogel von Falken- stein received the supreme command as Military Governor of the Home troops, to which was committed the defence of the German coast against expected invasion.

FALKLAND ISLANDS, Bishop OF THE. {See Stiblinq, Db.)

FALLOUX, Alfbed Fb^dJceic PiEBBE, CoMTB DB, a French poli- tician, born May 7, 1811, at Angers, is the son of a' merchant, who, at the Eestoration, received a pat of nobility as a reward for hiis ^ .«i in the cause of the monarchy. The son showed by his two earliest works — Histories of Louis XVI. and of Pope St. Pius V. — published re- spectively in 18^40 and 1844, that he inherited the Legitimist prin- ciples of his family, and their ardent love of the cause of order and religion. The department of Maine-et-Loire returned him in 1846 to the Chamber of Deputies, where he became conspicuous by his zealous advocacy of liberty of reli- gious teaching. After the flight and abdication of King Louis Philippe, in 1848, M. de Falloux was returned to the Constituent Assembly, and laboured there with an amount of zeal and political courage which extorted admiration even from his opponents. He was one of the deputies who organized

the resistance to the insurgents the 15th of May, and on the 29 being appointed reporter in 1 question of national workshops, moved the dissolution of 1 Chamber, which was the signal the uprising of the Bed Bepublici in Jime . Mter the election of Lo Napoleon as President of the 1 public, M. de Falloux was appoini Minister of Public Instruction, L 20, 1848, and held that post ui the end of Oct., 1849, when he signed in consequence of his bei censured for submitting to the . sembly an organic measure relati to 'education without having fl brought it under the notice of i Coimcil of State. Thereupon took his place in the Legislat Assembly, to which he had hi again returned by the departm^ of Maine-et-Loire, and, acting concert with Montalembert, p voked the most violent recrimi tions from the Left. After i coup d'etat, withdrawing from 1 arena of politics, he occupied hi self with agricultural pursuits, 1 his name continued to be broa( v*': -^ frequently under the notic< jie publio in connection with extreme Catholic sentiments, took an active part in the proce ings of the Catliolic Congress h at Mechlin in 1867. In 1869'he tempted to re-enter the Assem for the 3rd circonscription of Vendue, but was defeated by ' official nominee. The Count Falloux, who was elected a meml of the French Academy in 1856, 1 written a vast number of articles the Correspondant, of which he one of the editors, and also the i lowing works : — " Histoire de Lo XVI.," 1840, 2nd edit. 1843 ; "I toire de Saint Pie V., Pape, Tordre des Fr^res Pr^heurs,' vols., 1844. 3rd edit. 1859 ; " S venirs de Charite," 1857 ; " Mada Swetchine, sa Vie et ses CEuvre 2 vols., 1859 J " Meditations Pri^res," 1863 ; *' La Convention 15 Septembre," 1864; "Itinera