Island Hospital College of Brook- lyn, New York. He has published many valuable medical works, the most important being "Continued Fever," 1855; "Practical Treatise on the Diseaaes of the Heart" (1859) J "The Practice of Medi- cine,'^ 1856 (5th edition 1881) ; " Au- scultation and Percussion," 1876 (2nd edition 1880) ; and "Clinical Medicine," 1880. In 1872 he was elected President of the New York Academy of Medicine. His son, Austin Flint, jun., born at North- ampton, Massachusetts, March 28, 1836, received the degree of M.D. from the Jefferson Medical College in 1857, and in 1859 was appointed Professor of Physiology in the New York Medical College. In 1861 he was appointed Professor of Physio- logy in the BeUevue Hospital, New York, a position he still holds. In 1869 he received honourable men- tion and an aWard of 1,500 francs from the committee of the French Academy on the Monthyon prize. He has published " The Physiology of Man" (5 vols. 1866-187^; " Treatise on Human Physiology," 1875 (3rd edition, 1881) j " Sources of Muscular Power" (1878); and some other works.
FLOWER, William Hbnbt, F.R.S., F.L.S., second son of E. F. Flower, Esq., of Stratford-on-Avon, bom at that place Nov. 80, 1831, was educated for the medical pro- fession at University College, Lon- don, and the Middlesex Hospital. He entered the army as assistant- surgeon, in April, 1854, served in the Crimean war; and settling afterwards in London, was appoin- ted Assistant-Surgeon and Demon- strator of Anatomy at the Middle- sex Hospital. In 1861 he was elected Conservator of the Museum of the Royal College of Surgeons, and in 1869 Hunterian Professor of Comparative Anatomy and Physio- logy, which offices he now holds. He was President of the section of Biology at the meeting of the British Association in Dublin, in
August, 1878, when the Univera of Dublin conferred on him \ honorary degree of LL.D. In li. he succeeded the late Marquis Tweeddale as President of 1 Zoological Society of London. 1 Royal Society awarded to him, Nov., 1882, one of its royal med for his valuable contributions the morphology and classificatioi] the Tnammalia, and to anthropoloj Professor Flower is the author numerous memoirs on subjects o nected with anatomy and zoology the Transactions of the Roj Zoological, and other learned i cieties; also of "An Introducti to the Osteology of the Mammali 1870; and of "Diagrams of 1 Nerves of the Human Body," 2 edit., 1872. He married in 18 the youngest daughter of Admi W. H. Smyth.
FOLGER, Chablbs Jam ss, jui and politician, was born in N; tucket> Massachusetts, April 1818. In 1830 his father remoi to Geneva, N. Y., where 1 Folger has since lived. Af leaving college Mr. Folger stud law, and was admitted to the 1 when twenty-one years old. 3 first office was that of Judge of 1 Court of Conmion Pleas, to wh he was appointed in 1844, and was soon after made a Master a Examiner in Chancery. In 1851 was elected County Judge, and 1861 he was elected to the N York State Senate by the Repul can party, which party he 1: entered on its formation, havi previously been a Democrat, remained in the State Senate ui 1869, when President Grant i pointed him Assistant U. S. Tr surer for New York City. He "« elected Judge of the Court Appeals (the highest court in i State of New York) in 1870, and the death of Chief Judge Chm in May, 1880, he was appointed fill the vacancy, and in the foUc ing November was elected to i place for the full term of fourte