Page:Men of the Time, eleventh edition.djvu/448

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FRECHETTE— FEEDEEICK CHAELES.

431

of the late John Shute iL.D., of Bath. ETTE, Louis Honobe, a anadian littSrateur and , was born at Levis, Quebec, on the 16th •. He received his educa- i Quebec Seminary, at St. Liege, and at the College

He studied law, and was he Bar of Lower Canada He became a voluminous ►r to the newspaper press nch Province, and edited ly Le Journal de Quebec mmal de Levis. In 1862 led a collection of poems ) title of "Mes Loisirs," dramas, entitled " Papi- 1 " L'Exile." For a time mted his native town in

Legislature of Quebec,

1872 untn 1878 sat for he Dominion Parliament, lis period he published ional collections of poems, espectively, " Les Fleurs ' and "Les Oiseaux de For these works he was y the French Academy in 0. In 1877 he added to ry laurels by the issue of le," a further compilation lyrics.

3EICK: CHAELES (Fbe- HABLE8 Nicholas), Im- ince of Germany, eldest ince Charles, the second f the emperor, was born

1828, and has from early oted himself to the mili- ssion, and holds a number Ltments in the German [e commanded in the war enmark in 1864. In 1866 laced at the head of the my destined to operate ustria, entering Bohemia Saxony, and so conducted through the latter country ke its people friends of The extreme rapidity and

movement which he dis- Bohemia disconcerted the general Benedek, who had

calculated upon being allowed to assume the offensive. In a series of actions he drove the Austrians to Sadowa, and won the great battle of Kdniggratz, aided by the Crown Prince, who, bringing up the Second Army, effected his junction with Prince Frederick Charles at the crisis of the day. Prince Frederick Charles had for years previously laboured strenuously, and with great success, to make the Prussian military system more elastic, giving greater freedom to the officers and relying more upon moral means than upon the rule and method in dealing with the men. The unex- pected suppleness and dash dis- played by the Prussians in 1866 were, in a great measure, the con- sequence of these reforms. The reputation he achieved in the war with Austria was increased by liis successes in the conflict with France. At the close of July, 1870, he was on the Ehine frontier in command of the Second German Army, com- prising the 2nd, 4th, 7th, Oth, 10th, and 12th North German corps, esti- mated at 260,000 men and 500 pieces of artillery. On Aug. 6 he defeated General Froissart at Spei- chem, and ten days later made a vigorous attack on the right of the French position held by Marshal Bazaine between Doncourt and Vionville, driving the French troops back to Metz. He closely invested that fortress, which, after enduring a siege of seventy days, capitulated on Oct. 27, when Marshal Bazaine surrendered with 150,000 prisoners (including the Imperial Guard, three marshals, 50 generals, and 6,000 officers) and 20,000 sick and woimded. Shortly afterwards Prince Frederick Charles defeated General Aurelle de Paladines and the Army of the Loire (Nov. 28), recaptured Orleans (Dec. 4), and after a struggle protracted over six days he took Le Mans and compelled General Chanzy to withdraw his troops in a northward direction (Jan. 13, 1871). He was created a

Googk.