1876 ; and " The Ottoman Power in Europe, its Nature, its Growth, and its Decline," 1877; followed by " Sketches from tiie Subject and Neighbouring Lands of Venice," 1881 ; " The Historical Geography of Europe," 2 vols., 1881; "The Beign of William Bufus, and the Accession of Henry I.," 2 vols., Oxford, 1882; "Some Impressions of the United States," 1883 ; and "English Towns and Districts," 1883. The lectures which Mr. Free- man delivered to American audi- ences on "The English People in its Three Homes," and on "The Practical Bearings of General European History," will shortly be published.
FBEMANTLE, The Hon. and Bbv. William Hbnby, M.A., is the second son of Lord Cotteeloe, and was born in 1831 . He was educated at Eton and at Balliol College, Oxford; obtained a first-class in classics in 1853, gained the prize for the English Essay in the fol- lowing year, and was Fellow of All Souls' from 1865 to 1863. He was Curate of Middle Claydon, Bucks, from 1855 to 1857, and Vicar of Lewknor, Oxfordshire, from the latter date till 1865, when he was appointed by Earl Bussell to the rectory of St. Mary's, Bryanstone Square, Marylebone. Prom 1878 to 1880 he was Select Preacher at Oxford. In 1882 he was chosen Bampton Lecturer at Oxford, and later in the same year he was ap- pointed by Dr. Tait, Archbishop of Canterbury — whose Examining Chaplain he had been since 1862 — to the canonry residentiary, in Can- terbury Cathedral that had become vacant by the death of the Bev. James Craigie Bobertson, M.A. Mr. Fremantle has written or edited " A Clergyman's True Posi- tion " ; " Ecclesiastical Judgments of the Privy Council," 1865 ; articles in the Contemporary Review, 1866-78 ; and " The Doctrine of Beconcilia- tion to God through Jesus Christ."
FBEMONT, John Chables, born
at Savannah, Georgia, Jan. 21, 1813, A.B. (Charleston College), 1830. In 1833 he received the appoint- ment of teacher of mathematacs on board the sloop-of-war JTatcfcef, and two years afterwards was made Professor of Mathematics in the United States' navy. In 1839 he was commissioned as lieutenant in the corps of topographical en- gineers; and in 1842 conducted a geographical survey of the tiien almost unknown region betwe^ the Missouri river and the Pacific Ocean. In May, 1843, he set out upon a still longer expedition from the Bocky Mountains to the Pacific. On his return in 1844 he was bre- vetted as captain, and in the spring of 1845 was sent to explore the gp:«at western basin, and the mari- time region along the Pacific, an expedition which resulted in the acquisition of California to the United States. During his absoice war was declared between the United States and Mexico, and General Kearney was sent to take possession of California. Fremont refused to obey some orders given by Kearney, who was his military superior, and was put under arrest, and ordered to report at Washing- ton. He was tried by court-martial, found guilty, and ordered to be dismissed from the service. Presi- dent Polk remitted the sentence; but Fremont resigned his commis- sion. In October, 1848, he fitted out at his own expense a large expedition, with the object of find- ing a practicable route over the mountains to California. After innumerable hardships he reached Sacramento in the spring of 1^- Here he bought a large estate, con- taining rich gold mines. He was one of the first U.S. Senators from CaUfomia, serving l&i^51. In 1855 he took up his residenoe m New York, and in tiie ensuing J^ was the first candidate of the Be- publican party for President d the United States. The Democrate nominated Mr. Buchanan, and we