1875, he was nominated Chief Jus- tice of Bengal, and received the honour of knighthood.
GASCOIGNE, Cabolinb Lbigh, youngest daughter of the late John Smith, Esq., of Dale Park, long a member of the House of Commons, bom May 2, 1813, and married to Gen. Grascoig^e, eldest son of Gen. Gascoigne, of Chillwall, M.P. for Liverpool in 1834, was at an early age distinguished for her devotion to literature. Her first work, "Temptation, or a Wife's Perils," published in 1839, was followed by " The School for Wives," in 1839 ; "Evelyn Harcourt," in 1842; "Bel- gravia," a poem, in 1851; "Spen- cer's Cross Manor-House," a tale for children, and " Eecollections of the Crystal Palace," a poem, in 1852 ; " The Next-Door Neigh- bours," in 1855 ; " Doctor Harold," a novel, in 1865 ; " My Aunt Prue's Railway Journey," in 1865 ; and "Dr. Harold's Note-Book," in 1869.
GATLING, RicHABD Jordan, M.D., was born in North Carolina, Sept. 12, 1818. While a boy he assisted his father in perfecting a machine for sowing cotton seed, and another for thinning out cotton plants. Subsequently he invented a machine for sowing rice. Re- moving to St. Louis, in 1844, he adapted this invention to sowing wheat in drills. For several win- ters he attended medical lectures in Cincinnati, and in 1849 removed to Indianapolis, where he engaged in railroad enterprises and real estate speculations. In 1850 he invented a double acting hemp-brake, and in 1857 a steam plough, which, how- ever, he did not bring to any prac- tical result. In 1861 he conceived the idea of the revolving battery gun which bears his name. Of these he constructed six at Cin- cinnati, which were destroyed by the burning of his factory. After- wards he had twelve manufactured elsewhere, which were used by Gen. Butler on the James River. In 1865 he improved his invention.
and in the year following, aj satisfactory trial, it was adof into the United States service, has also been adopted by 8ev< European governments. He i resides at Hartford, Connecticut GATTY, The Rbv. Alfbbd, D, is a member of a Cornish fam but was born in the city of Lond April 18, 1813. He was for ; years ^ the noted school, Tem Grove, ^ast Sheen, acquiring rudiments of education ; af terwa both at the Charterhouse and Ei For a short time he prepared the legal profession, but in A| 1831, he entered at Exeter Colic Oxford, land whilst an undergra ate printed a small volume Poems. At the beginning of 1 he took the degree of B.A., hav some time previously passed necessary examinations ; and 1837 was ordained by the Bis! of Ripon to the curacy of Bellei in the parish of Spennithoi Yorkshire. In 1838 he gradua M.A., and in the following y married Margaret, the youn daughter of the Rev. Dr. So best known as having been friend and chaplain of Lord Nele In the year of his marriage he '^ presented to the vicarage of Ecc field, near Sheffield, a very la and arduous parish, where he ever since resided. Mrs. Ga1 being highly accomplished, i with fine literary taste, joined husband in writing a Life of Scott in 1842, which was quic out of print. They also sul quently edited a Life of Dr. W< the missionary, which pas through two editions; and tl wrote their Tour in Ireland in It under the title of " The Old Fc from Home," which had a 1 success. Mrs. Gatty was also as ted by her husband, during long fatal illness, in the oomp tion of her last work, " A Booli Sundials." Dr. Gatty's own 1 rary works are a volume of i mons, 1846 ; a second volume