Page:Men of the Time, eleventh edition.djvu/470

From Wikisource
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This page needs to be proofread.


GAVAZZI.

453

I, 1848; "The Bellj its ^storj, and uses/' second 18^ ; *' The Vicar and his 1853; Twenty Plain /' 1858 ; " The Testimony I" 1870; a folio edition of 3 " History of Hallamshire/' L he added about one-third ter (1869) ; also "Sheffield: i Present," 1873. In 1861 appointed a rural dean by lop Longley, who during )wing year bestowed upon

honorary dignity of Sub- York Cathedral. On Oct. Dr. Gatty had the misfor- ose his amial^le and gifted ter ten years of suffering, which time her intellect st its strength or clearness. lZZI, Axessandro, a "No

  • lecturer, born at Bologna

, was admitted into minor n the Church of Borne in id was made Professor of i at Naples, illustrating the f the art by his eloquence alpits of the chief cities of 3n the elevation, in 1846, IX. to the papal chair, he d the views he had long aed on the state of his

and the Church with in- freedom. When the insur- of the Milanese and the ture of the Austrians be- own in Rome, Gavazzi, who led on by the people to roceeded to the Pantheon, lounced a fervid oration on riots who had fallen at He took the tricolour cross standard, and for weeks ed crowds of citizens at seum, on the prospects and

Italians. Pius IX., who derstood to favour these 3 to rouse the nation, cou- pon him the office of Chap- eral of the Forces then jorganized by the levy of irs and national guards,

accompanied the Koman 3 the walls of Vicenza. hus engaged^ a reactionary

spirit came over Pius IX., who recalled the Boman legion, and Qavazzi, passing into Tuscany, made Florence ring with his ap- peals. Expelled from the duchy, he took refuge in Genoa, whence he was recalled to restore quiet in Bologna, the people in that city having broken into open mutiny against the papal government. Bossi having by this time become the chief adviser of Pius IX., shortly afterwards ordered the arrest of Gavazzi, who was sent off, under a strong escort, to the prison at Cometo. On his way the people of Viterbo rose to deliver him, and Pius IX. ordered his release. On the flight of the Pope after the assassination of Bossi, and the formation of the republican govern- ment, Gavazzi, who was re-appointed Chaplain-general of the Forces, organized a committee of noble Boman ladies to provide for the wounded, and superintended the military hospitals. During the armistice concluded with Gen. Oudinot, the Bomans made a sortie under Garibaldi to repel the king of Naples, who had invaded the territory of the republic. Gavazzi accompanied them, and after the defeat of the invader, assisted the dying and wounded on both sides. Betuming to Bome, he occupied himself in sustaining the spirit of the people until they were over- whelmed by the superior forces of the French. At the close of the struggle he left his country, to gain a livelihood by teaching Italian, and lecturing against the Catholic Church. For about six months his lectures in London were attended by crowds, and he afterwards visited the chief towns of Scotland, where he was received with hearty wel- come. In 1851 Gavazzi published his memoirs in English and Italian, and a few months later his " Ora- tions." From Scotland he pro- ceeded to the United States, where he was not so warmly received, and in Canada his orations on more than