Page:Men of the Time, eleventh edition.djvu/482

From Wikisource
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This page needs to be proofread.


GLADSTONE.

465

>f the Chelsea division on ol Board for London ; and he nan of the Books Sub-Com-

He is the author of "The by of Michael Faraday/' 872 J "Points of supposed i between the Scriptures ural Science : a lecture de-

in connection with the n Evidence Society," Lond. Miracles as Credentials of a on: a lecture delivered in Hall of Science, Old Street, Eld, under the auspices of istian Evidence Society," Spelling Eeform, from an mal Point of View," Lond. id upwards of fifty memoirs hilosophical Transactions. ►STONE, The Eight Hon. ff EwABT, M.P., fourth son ie Sir John Gladstone, Bart., e, county Kincardine, N.B., nown merchant of Liver- •n there, Dec. 29, 1809, was I at Eton and Christ Church, jf which he was nominated it in 1829, and graduated, t double first-class in Mi- 3 term, 1831. Having spent ne in a continental tour, returned, at the general in Dec, 1832, in the Con- i interest, for Newark, and

Parliament just as the of parties was at its height.

25, 1833, he entered Lin- n, and when he had been a

for six years and three petitioned to have his name from the books of the So-

the ground of his having [) his intention of being the bar. In the House of B, his mercantile origin, !ss of his university career, 6 of busiiless, and his high r, recommended him to the

Sir Eobert Peel, who, in

134, appointed him to a lOrdship of the Treasury, eb., 1836, Under-Secretary lial affairs. Mr. Gladstone rom office, with his minis- der, in April, and remained

in opposition until Sir Eobert Peel's return to power in Sept., 1841. On accepting office under Sir Eobert Peel, in 1841, as Vice-President of the Board of Trade and Master of the Mint, Mr. Gladstone was sworn a member of the Privy Council. In his new position he had to explain and defend in the Lower House of Parliament the commercial policy of the Government j and in the dis- charge of this duty he had whatever advantage his mercantile origin and connection could give hiiA. The revision of the tariff in 1842 was almost entirely the result of his energy and industry. When this laborious work was brought before the House of Commons, it was fotmd to be as admirably executed in its details as it was complete in its mastery of general principles, and it received the sanction of both Houses with scarcely an alteration. In 1843, Mr. Gladstone succeeded the Earl of Eipon as President of the Board of Trade, but resigned that office early in 1845. In Jan., 1846, Sir Eobert Peel announced his intention of proposing a modifi- cation of the Com Laws. Mr. Gladstone, who had succeeded Lord Stanley (the late Earl of Derby) in the post of Secretary of State for the Colonies, adhered to the leader under whom he had entered upon ministerial life; but, possibly, un- willing to remain under obligations to the late Duke of Newcastle, who sympathised strongly with the Op- position party, resigned his seat for Newark, and remained for some time out of Parliament. At the general election in Aug., 1847, he was, with the late Sir Eobert Harry Inglis,'elected for the University of Oxford. In the Parliament of 1847- 52, the questions of University Ee- form and the removal of Jewish disabilities were frequently and earnestly agitated in the Lower House. Though Mr. Gladstone's early sympathies no doubt bound him strongly to the High Church and Tory party, yet he felt that on