institution he became Principal,and also Chief Medical Officer of Sir Jamsetjee Jeejebhoy's Hospital, and Chemical Analyst to the Bombay Goyemment. He was the first to introduce the study of chemistry and botany into Western India. In 1863 Dr. Giraud was Syndic and Dean of the Faculty of Medicine in the University of Bombay. He was also on the staff of Lord Elphin- stone, of Sir George Clerk, and of Sir Bartle Frere, as stirgeon to those Governors of Bombay. Dr. Giraud has contributed papers on chemical and botanical subjects to the Trans- actions of the Botanical Society of Edinburgh, the Annals of Natural History, the London and Edinburgh Philosophical Magatine, the Edin- burgh Philosophical Journal, the Transactions of the Bombay Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, and the Transactions of the Medical and Phy- sical Society of Bombay. Several of his chemical lectures have been published.
GIRDLESTONE, The Eev. Ed- ward, born in London, Sept. 6, 1805, was educated at Balliol Col- lege, Oxford, of which he was a scholar. He graduated B.A. in 1826, and M.A. in 1829; became Vicar of Deane, Lancashire, in 1830 ; Canon Besidentiary of Bristol in 1854 ; Vicar of St. Nicholas with St. Leonard's, Bristol, in 1865 j Vicar of Wapley, Gloucestershire, in 1858 J Vicar of Halberton, Devon- shire, in 1862 ; and Vicar of Olves- ton, near Bristol, in March, 1872. Mr. Girdlestone is the author of a volume of sermons, " Beflected Truth," and many occasional ser- mons and pamphlets. From 1867 to the present time he has never ceased publicly and urgently to ad- vocate the cause of the agricultural labourer. At a meeting of the British Association at Norwich in 1868 he made the first suggestion of an Agricultural Labourers' Union; and subsequently in Lon- don, at Exeter, Bristol, Bath, and other places, he has read papers.
and spoken on the same si meetings of the British Asi the Social Science Congresi Church Congress. He rei fewer than 600 families badly paid districts of th< England to the better paid of the north, and thus gave impulse to that movemei has now become so gen< which is making the impi of the agricultural labourc the most prominent que the day. He has alwayj staunch Protestant, and b^ preached in Bristol Cathe elsewhere (some of which lished), as well as by reft Cathedral pulpit to men of opinions, has invariably consistent opposition to the of Ritualism.
GLADSTONE, Johm Ph.D., F.E.S., was born : 1827, and educated at ho studied chemistry at U College, London, under '. Graham; and at Giesse Professor Liebig. He too! gree of Ph.D. in 1848; le< Chemistry at St. Thomas' from 1850 to 1852; was < Fellow of the Eoyal Sqpieirj was a Member of the B03 mission on Lighthouses, Bi Beacons, from 1859 to member of the Gun-Cott mittee (appointed by t Office) from 1864 to 1868 ; ] Professor of Chemistry at t Institution from 1874 to 18 sident of the Physical Soci its formation in 1874 to II Preside at of the Chemica from 1877 to the presei Since 1846 Mr. Gladstone '. constantly engaged in scie: search, principally in chem optics. The results are ^ published by the Boy al and i Societies, and by tiie Brit ciation. For many years h gaged also in various phila and religious movements ; 1 1873 onwards was one of the i