Page:Men of the Time, eleventh edition.djvu/486

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GLADSTONE— GLAISHEE.

4^9

pamphlet^ entitled " Les- [assacre ; an Exposition of luct of the Porte in and Igaria, since May, 1876." stone took an active part tation respecting the mas- Bulgaria, and strenuously both in and out of Parlia- policy of the Conservative ent, which resulted in the Berlin and the signing of >-Turkish Convention. In on of 1877 (Oct. 17— Nov. id a visit to Ireland, and mted with the freedom of .f Dublin. On Nov. 15 in r, he was elected Lord the University of Glasgow, g Lord Beaconsfield. Mr. 3 sent a letter to the presi- e Greenwich Liberal " Five r on March 9, 1878, stating jhould only represent the mtil the next general elec- bhe course of the year 1879 buted to the British QvMr- iew an article on "The 3al Movement ; its Pa- Progress, and Issue ;** and . a collection of his fugitive under the title of " Glean- ast Years." At the com- nt of the same year (1879) een invited to become the candidate for Midlothian, crowning incident of the campaign in the ensuing iitary recess was his visit id in connection with his )f contesting that county aeral election. He set out erpool for Edinburgh on and from that date, with >tion of two days' rest at ti Castle, his life till his Hawarden on Dec. 9 was a «8sion of enthusiastic re- and unwearied speech- in condemnation of the the Conservative Govem- 1 the course of this tour he the rectorial address be- University of Glasgow On the dissolution of Par- ,t Easter, 1880, Mr. Glad-

stone renewed in Midlothian the oratorical tours de force of the pre- ceding winter, and he was successful in his candidature, polling 1597 votes against 1368 recorded in favour of the Earl of Dalkeith, his Conservative opponent. When the composition of the new House of Commons was made known, it ap- peared that it consisted of 349 Liberals, 243 Conservatives, and 60 Home Rulers. The Earl of Beacons- field tendered his resignation to the Queen as soon as it was manifest that the Liberal party had obtained an unquestionable majority. The Marquis of Hartington, who had been leader of the Opposition in the Lower House, and Earl Granville, the Opposition leader in the House of Peers, were sent for by Her Ma- jesty in the first instance, but, in ac- cordance with consultations among the chiefs of the party, they recom- mended the Queen to entrust the task of forming a Cabinet to Mr. Gladstone. He consented to accept the duty (April 23), and his Cabinet was constructed with a view to con- ciliate and to represent the different sections of the Liberal majority. Mr. Gladstone himself superadded to his duties as First Lord of the Treasury the functions of Chancellor of the Exchequer, but he resigned the latter office in 1883 into the hands of Mr. Childers. At the be- ginning of August, 1880, the Prime Minister was attacked by a serious illness, but he soon recovered. In order to recruit his strength he re- tired temporarily from the strife of politics and embarked, as a guest of Mr. Donald Currie, on board the' Grantully Castle, for a tour round the United Kingdom (Aug. 26 — Sept. 4). In Oct., 1881, Mr. Glad- stone visited Leeds, where he de- livered several important speeches. GLAISHER, James, F.R.S., the well-known aeronaut, of humble ex- traction, was born early in the cen- tury, and when a youth was employed in a subordinate capacity at the ob- servatory at Madingley, near Cam-