Guards, born Sept. 12, 1812, was educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford, where te gradu- ated B.A. in 1844 in classical honours. He sat in the House of Commons as member for the borough of Downpatrick, from 1851 till Sept. 24, 1856, when he suc- ceeded to his father's title ; and he held the post of Under-Secretary of State for the War Department \inder Lord Derby's second ad- ministration in 1858-9. He acted as private secretary to his father in India, having been present at the battles Moodkee, Ferozeshah, and Sobraon, served for five years as Major in the Kent Artillery, and is Lieut.-Col. of the 2nd Kent Admin- istrative Battalion Volunteers. He published in 1847 some elaborate " Views in India," in imperial folio, which show that he is an artist of more than ordinary merit. HARDY, Thomas, novelist, was bom June 2, 1840, at a village in Dorsetshire, and educated in the same county. He was destined for the architectural profession, and in his 17th year was articled as pupil to an architect practising in the county-town, about which time he formed a friendship with the late able classical scholar and Saturday reviewer — Mr. H. Moule, of Queen's College, Cambridge — ^who read with him auring the ensuing four years. On taking up his residence in London, Mr. Hardy allied himself with the modern school of Gothic artists, and acquired additional experience in design under Mr. Arthur Blomfield, M.A., F.S.A., son of the late Bishop Blomfield. His first literary performance was an essay on Coloured Brick and Terra-cotta Architecture, which received the prize and medal of the Institute of British Architects in 1863 ; he also was awarded in the same year Sir W. Tite's prize for architectural design. He now formed the idea of becoming an art-critic, and engaged in further studies for that purpose; but at
length tried his hand on a work of fiction called *' Desperate Reme- dies," which was published in 1871, and was equally praised and con- demned. In 1872 he published the rural tale entitled "Under the Greenwood Tree," and in 1873 " A Pair of Blue Eyes," both of which were well received. These were followed, in the Comhill Magazine for 1874, by his best-known novel, "Far from the Madding Crowd," dramatized by the author in 1879, and acted in a modified form at the Globe Theatre in 1882, a warm newspaper controversy having meanwhile arisen on the resem- blance borne to "Far from the Madding Crowd " by a new play of similar character. He has also written "The Hand of Ethelberta, a Comedy in Chapters " (1876) ; " The Retum of the Native " (1878) j " The Trumpet-Major" (1880) j "A Laodicean" (1881) j and " Two on a Tower " (1882) ; besides some minor tales. Many of these novels have been published simultaneously in England, America, Australia, and India, and some have been translated into French. Mr. Hardy is said to be the first who made the English farm-labourer or clown a prominent character in modern fiction.
HARE, Augustus John Cuth- BB&T, the youngest and now the only surviving son of Francis George Hare, was born at the Villa Strozzi, at Rome, March 18, 1834, and was adopted, as an infant, by the widow of his uncle, Augustus William Hare. He was educated at Harrow, and at University Col- lege, Oxford. Mr. Hare resided formerly at his family home of Hurstmonceauz, but now lives at Holmhurst, near Hastings. He has published "Epitaphs for Country Churchyards" (1856); "Murray's Handbook for Berks, Bucks, and Oxfordshire" (I860); "A Winter at Mentone " (1861) j " Murray's Hand- book for Durham and Northumber- land " (1863) ; " Walks in Rome "