Page:Men of the Time, eleventh edition.djvu/543

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HARGRAVES—HARLEY.

" Wanderings in Spain " Memorials of a Quiet Life " ' Days near Rome" (1874) ; >f Northern and Central 875) ; " Walks in London " jif e and Letters of Baroness

(1879) ; and ** Cities of

Italy and Sicily " (1882). RAVES, Edmund Ham- B discoverer of the gold- Australia, son of Lieut, irgraves, of the Sussex om at GosiK)rt about 1815, ea at the age of fourteen, Qe a settler, or "squatter," ilia when eighteen years 1849 he sailed from Port or San Francisco, went to diggings, and while work- ) was so struck with the ace of the geological of the country to that of , that upon his return he )loration8 which resulted icovery of what have since 3ved to be most pro- old-fields. He proceeded ^, communicated his dis- ► the Colonial Secretary, fterwards appointed Com- of Crown Lands. Having le principal gold-fields in , he returned to Sydney, led his appointment, when jlative Council of New lies awarded him ^610,000 Lscovery ; and the town of resented him with a gold >00 value, at a public din- ich the Governor-General mt. He received testi- [*om the other Australian n recognition of his ser- eveloping the resources of try. In 1854 he returned Dd. A very interesting

of his success, entitled a and its Gold-Fields, in 1855.

i Y, George, M.D., F.R.S., at Haddington, East n 1829, entered the Uni- f Edinburgh when 17 ge, and graduating there

of Medicine in 1850, he

then studied scientific medicine for five years in the Universities of Paris, Wurzburg, Berlin, Vienna, and Heidelburg. On coming back to London in 1855 he was immedi- ately appointed Lecturer on Prac- tical Physiology and Histology in University College, London. In 1859 he was appointed Professor of Medical Jurisprudence, and in 1861 Physician to University College Hospital. Dr. Harley is Corre- sponding Member of the Academy of Sciences of Bavaria, of the Academy of Medicine of Madrid, and of several continental Scientific and Medical Societies ; he was in 1853 President of the Parisian Medical Society ; and in 1861 he reived the Triennial prize (fifty guineas) of the Royal College of Surgeons for an Essay on the Supra- renal Bodies. The published writings of Dr. Harley are nume- rous. No fewer than 21 scientific papers bearing his name are in the catalogue of the Royal Society, which goes up only to 1863, and since then he has published several others on germ diseases, &.c. His chief medical works are on Histo- logy, Healthy and Morbid Diabetes, Al buminuria. Jaundice, Kidney, and Liver Diseases, the latter being a large work of 1,200 pages, with 38 illustrations. Dr. Harley seems to be a man of varied attainments, whose great hobby is the simplifica- tion of the means of acquiring knowledge j for he has not only invented various contrivances for facilitating medical, physiological, chemical, and microscopical re- search ; but has also powerfully advocated the simplification of our national orthography by the omis- sion of all redundant, and conse- quently useless, duplicated con- sonants, from every word in the English language, except personal names." In 1877 he published a book entitled ** The Simplification of English Spelling," and in 1878 printed a letter addressed to the late Lord Beaconsfield, entitled " A