versitj, Dei Lincei» at Borne. In th» October of the same year the Academy of Sciences of Paris awarded the Lalande Prize for Astronomy to Mr. Huggins, as an acknowledgment of his researches in the physical constitution of the stars, planets, comets, and nebulse. The Emperor of Brazil, who has twice paid long visits to Mr. Hug- gins's observatory, honoured him with the distinction of Commander of the Order of the Eose in March, 1873. About the same time he was elected a Foreign Member of the Boyal Society of Denmark, and also of the Philosophical Society of Lund. In Jan. 1874, he received the honour of being elected a Cor- responding Member of the Academy of Science of Paris. At the ter- centenary commemoration of the universi^ of Leyden, in 1875, Mr. Huggins received the honorary degree of Doctor of Physics and Mathematics. In 1877 he was elected a Corresponding Member of the Boyal Society of Gttttingen, and a member of the Boyal Society of Bohemia. Mr. Huggins was Pre- sident of the Boyal Astronomical Society of Great Britain from 1876 to 1878.
HUGHES, The Bioht Eev. Joshua, D.D., Bishop of St. Asaph, bom at Newport, Pembrokeshire, in 1807, was educated at Cardigan and Ystramenrig schools, and sub- sequently at St. David's College, Lampeter, under Dr. Ollivant, tiie present Bishop of Llandaff. Having taken orders, he began his career in the Church as curate to the late Archdeacon Hughes, of Aberyst- with. Subsequently he was pro- moted to the incumbency of St. David's, Carmarthen, and soon af terwturds to that of Abergwili (1837), in which parish the Bishop of St. David's resides. His popu- larity there, and the zeal and energy with which he laboured, induced the bishop to present him to the vicarage of Llandingat, near Llandovery, m 1846. He also be-
came rural dean, surrogate, and proctor in convocation for the dio- cese of St. David's. In March, 1870, he was nominated by Mr. Gladstone to the see of St. Asaph. Bishop Hughes is said to be an effective preacher both in English and Welsh.
HUGHES, Thomas, Q.C, second son of Mr. John Hughes, of Don- nington Priory, near Newbury, Berks, by Margfaret Elizabeth, daughter of Mr. Thomas Wilkin- son, was born on Oct. 20, 1823, at Uffington, in Berkshire, of which parish his grandfather was vicar. His father afterwards removed to Donnington PHory. In 1830 he was sent to a school at Twyford, near Winchester, and at the end of the year 1833 he was removed to Bugby, where he studied under Dr. .Ajrnold. Prom thence he pro- ceeded to Oriel College, Oxford, where he took his B.A. degree in 1845. Previously to this tune he had turned his attention to poli- tical problems, and when he left Oxford he was an advanced Liberal. He was called to the bar at Lin- coln's Inn in Jan. 1848. He was one of the members for Lambeth from 1865 to 1868, when he was returned for the borough of Prome, which he continued to represent till Jan. 1874. At the general elec- tion of Feb. 1874, he was nominated as a candidate for Marylebone, but he retired on the day before the poll was taken, when 294 votes were recorded in his favour. Mr. Hughes was appointed a Queen's Counsel in 1869, and in the following year he made a tour in the United States. In July, 1882, he was appointed Judge of the County Court Circuit, No. 9, vacant by the resignation of Mr. Yates. He is the author of : — " Tom Brown's School Days, by an Old Boy," 1857, which passed through several editions, and a French version of which " imitj de I'Anglais avec I'autorisation de I'auteur par J. Levoisin," appeared at Paris in 1875 j " The Scouring