Geology of the Country around Cheltenham," 1857. Mr. Hull is also a contributor to the Quarterly Journal of Science, the Dublin Uni- versity Magazine, the Geological Magazine, and the Transactions of the Eoy^ and Geological Societies of London, Dublin, and other towns.
HULLAH, John, teacher of sing- ing, born in 1812, is a native of Worcester. In 1829 he became a pupil of the late Mr. Horsley, and in 1832 studied under CreveUi at the Royal Academy of Music. He first became known as the composer of the music to Mr. C. Dickens's opera, "The Village Coquettes." In 1840 he established his well- known system of singing, and has done much to popularise the study of music among the middle classes. St. Martin's Hall, built for him in 1847, was unfortunately burnt down in 1860, on which occasion Mr. Hullah's friends and pupils pre- sented him with a handsome testi- monial, as a mark of gratitude for his teaching, and sympathy with his misfortune. He has been Pro- fessor of Vocal Music and of Har- mony in King's College, Queen's College, and Bedford College, Lon- don, organist of Charterhouse, and conductor of the orchestra and chorus in the Royal Academy of Music. Mr. HullaJi was appointed Musical Inspector for the United Kingdom by the Committee of Council on Education in March, 1872. He is the author of "A Grammar of Harmony," a " Gram- mar of Counterpoint," of "The History of Modem Music," and " The Transition Period of Musical History " (courses of lectures deH- vered at the Royal Institution of Great Britain), and of a large num- ber of detached essays on the history and science of music. Mr. HuUah resigned the Professorship of Vocal Music at King's College, London, in 1874. The honorary degree of LL.D. was conferred on him by the University of Edinburgh in 1876,
and in 1877 he was elected an honorary member of the Royal Academy of St. Cecilia at Rome — the oldest musical * institution in Europe. In 1882 he received a Civil List pension of JglSO "in recognition of his great services in the advancement of musical educa- tion in this country."
HUMBERT IV., King of Italy, the eldest son of the late King Victor Emanuel, was born March 14, 1844. At an early age he ob- tained an insight into political and military life under the guidance of his father, whom he attended dur- ing the war of Italian Independ- ence, although he was then too young to take an active part in the struggle. The youthful heir to the throne was more closely connected with the movement for the unifica- tion of Italy, which followed the events of 1859. In particular he took part in the work of reorganiz- ing the ancient Kingdom of the two Sicilies, and in July, 1862, he visited Naples and Palermo, where he shared the popularity of Gari- baldi. When the war between Prussia and Austria was imminent. Prince Humbert was despatched to Paris to ascertain the sentiments of the French Government in refer- ence to the alliance between Italy and Pnissia. On the outbreak of hostilities he hastened to take the field ; obtained the command of a division of General Cialdini's army with the title of Lieutenant- General ; and was present at the disastrous battle of Custozza (June 23, 1866), where, it is said, he per- formed prodigies of valour. On April 22, 1868, he married, at Turin, his cousin, the Princess Margfuerite Marie Th^r^se Jeanne of Savoy, daughter of the late Duke Ferdi- nand of Genoa, brother of King Victor Emanuel. This union resulted in the birth of a son at Naples, Nov. 11, 1869, who re- ceived the names of Victor Em- anuel Ferdinand Mary Januarius, and the title of Prince of Naples.