Page:Men of the Time, eleventh edition.djvu/628

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HUNTER— HUNTINGTON.

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Hastmgs. Three of these pictures were awarded £dO and £00 prizes ait Liverpool and Birmingham. The occult meaning of his "Light of the World " and of the " Awaken- ing Conscience," of 1854, wae ex- plained bj Mr. Knskin in some letters to the Times. " The Scape- goat/' of which the scene was painted upon the margin of the salt-encmsted shallows of the Ked Sea, was exhibited in 1856. The •' f^inding of the Saviour in the Temple," exhibited in 1860, was pearhaps the painting which at- tracted the most exclusive notice of %ny modern effort. His more recent pictures are " London Bridge on the Night of the Marriage of tiie Prince of Wales;" " The After- Olow/* and "The Festival of St. Swithin." The last-mentioned was in ike Eoyal Academy Exhibition of 1868. The largest of his works, which exclusively occupied his time during a residence of four years in Palestine, was finished in 1873. It is styled " The Shadow of Death," and represents a prevision of t^e Crucifixion.

HUNTEE, William Wilson, C.I Jl., was born July 15, 1840, and educated at the University of Glas- gow, at Paris, and Bonn. He headed the list of Indian civilians ^pointed in 1862; and after dis- tinguishing himself in Calcutta by high proficiency in Sanskrit and the modern vernaculars of India, passed through the usual appoint- ments of a civil servant in the Bengal districts. On the outbreak of &e Famine of 1866, he was selected to superintend and keep agoing public instruction in the province of Orissa and the south- western division of Bengal. At the end of the dearth he received the thanks of the Government, but was invalided to England. While on sick leave Mr. Hunter wrote " The Annals of Rural Ben- gal," which in the next ten years passed through five editions; and a "Dictionary of the Non- Aryan

Languages of India and High Asia," for which works, on his re- turn to Bengal, he received the public acknowledgments of the Governor-General, and the Secre- tary of State, and the degree of LL.D. from the University of Glas- gow. In 1869 he was attached on special duty to the Secretariat of the Government of Bengal; in 1870 to that of the Supreme Go- vernment of India, acting for a time as Under-Secretary; in 1871 he was appointed Director-General of Statistics. As the first head of this department he organised and carried out the statistical survey of India. The first census of India was taken in 1872. In 1876 the "Statistical Account of Bengal" was issued to the public in twenty volumes, and an exact survey had been made of the resources and population of each district in India, an area " equal to all Europe less Eussia." Mr. Hunter again re- ceived the gazetted than^ of the Government. His labours had done much to throw light on the causes and management of famines, and to bring them within control j and in 1878 he was appointed among the first members of the new Order of the Indian Empire. His best known books are the " Annals of Rural Bengal;" "Orissa, or an Indian Province under . Native and British Rule;" " The Indian Mussulmans;" "A System of Fa- mine Warnings j" " A Life of Lord Mayo," 2 vols.; " A Dictionary of the Non-Aryan Languages of India and High Asia;" "The Imperial Gazetteer of India " 9 vols.; " The Indian Empire: its History, People, and Products," 1882, which consists mainly of the article " India," in his " Im- perial Gazetteer," revised, remo- delled into chapters, and brought up to date.

HUNTINGTON, Daniel, bora at New York, Oct. 14, 1816. He graduated at Hamilton College in 1834, and entered the studio of

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