earliest elaborate pictures in oil. After yisiting the principal Euro- pean ealleriesj he returned to New York in 1856. His favourite sub- jects are the American rustic and negro^ and glimpses of domestic life. Among his best works, many of which haye been reproduced in chromo - lithography, are : '* The Old Kentucky Home" (1869); " Mating" (1860) j "The Farmer's Sunday Morning" (1860) j "The Village Blacksmith " (1864) ; " Fiddling his Way" (1865) ; "The Boyhood of Abraham Lincoln" (1867) ; " The Barefoot Boy " (1868); "The Old Stage Coach" (1871); "The Wounded Drummer" (1872); "The Pedlar" (1873); " Dropping Off" (1878) ; "A Glass with the Squire" (1880); and "The Funding Bill" (1881).
JOHNSON, The Eight Eev. Edwabd Balph, Bishop of Cal- cutta, fifth son of William Pon- sonby Johnson, of Castlesteads, Cumberland, was born at Castle- steads, Feb. 17, 1828, and educated at Bugby, and at Wadham College, Oxford (B.A. 1850; M.A. I860). He was ordained deacon and priest by the Bishop of Woroestei^--dea- con, with a title to the curacy of Famborough, in the county of Warwick— in 1861. He was ap- pointed, in 1860, to a minor canonry in the cathedral of Chester, and to the curacy of the cathedral parish of St. Oswald. In 1866 the Dean and Chapter appointed him to the rectory of Northenden, in the county of Chester, where he succeeded the late Archdeacon Woolrough. He was selected by the Bishop of Chester, in 1871, to fill the post of Archdeacon of Chester, upon the resignation of the late Archdeacon Pollock. In Oct. 1876, he was appointed to the bishropric of Calcutta, vacant by the death of the late Dr. Bobert Milman. He was consecrated in St. Paul's Cathedral, London, Nov. 80, 1876.
JOHNSON, GEOBaE, M.D.,
F.E.S., was born in Nov. 1818, at Goudhurst, in Kent. He was edu- cated at the Goudhurst G rammar School and at King's College, Lon- don, where he entered as a medical student in 1839. In 1843 he was appointed the first Medical Tutor at King's College ; in 1850, when he resigned that office, he was elected an honorary Fellow of the College ; in 1857 he was appointed Professor of Materia Medica ; and in 1863 he succeeded the late I>r. George Budd as Professor of the Principles and Practice of Medi- cine. In 1876 he was appointed Professor of Clinical Medicine, which, with th^ office of Senior Physician of King's College Hospi- tal, he now holds. He is a gradu- ate of London — M.B., wiUi the Scholarship for Physiology, in 1842 ; M.D. in 1844. In 1862 he was elected a Fellow or Senator of the University of London, and in 1872 a Fellow of the Boyal Society. In 1846 he became a member of the College of Physicians, and in 1850, having been elected a Fellow, he was appointed to g^ve the Gulston- ian Lectures. In 1877 he delivered the Lmnleian Lectures, and in 1882 the Harveian Oration. He has served in succession as Exam- iner in Medicine for the College Licence, as a Junior Censor, and lastly as Senior Censor in 1876-6. Dr. Johnson has published the following works : " On Diseases of the Kidney," 1862 ; " Lectures on Brighfs Disease" 1873; "Epi- demic Diarrhoea and Cholera," 1855; "Notes on Cholera," 1866; "The Laryngoecope : direo- tions for its use and practical illus- trations of its value," 1864 ; also numerous Lectures and Papers on various subjects, especiaLly on " Nervous Disorders, the result of over-work and anzielhr;" and "The Pathology and T^reatment of Diphtheria."
JOHNSON, Geoboe William, second son of William Johnson, Esq., of Bromley, Kent, born Nov.