daughter of Thomas Cubitt, Esq., J.P. and B.L. for the same county^ was born in London, Jan. 26, 1832, and entered Bugby school, as a pupil of Mr. Cotton, in 1844. In 1851 he was elected a scholar of University College, Oxford, where he took his B.A. degree in 1855, obtaining a first-class in classical honours both in Moderations and in the Final Schools. He was appointed composition master to the sixth form at Marlborough College in 1855 by Dr. Cotton, afterwards Bishop of Calcutta. In the same year he was elected^to a Fellowship at Queen's College, but he vacated it by his marriage in 1857. He was ordained deacon in 1856, and priest in the following year. He was appointed an assistant master at Bugby in Jan., 1858 ; Principal of Cheltenham College in June, 1868 ; and Head-Master of Eu^by School in Feb., 1874. Dr. Jex- Blake published "Long Vacation in Continental Picture Galleries," in 1858 ; and is the author of an article on "Church Comprehen- sion," in McicmiUan's Magazine, March, 1873; of other literary articles ; and of a volume of ser- mons, " Life by Faith," 1875.
JOACHIM, Joseph, a celebrated violinist, born at Eitsee, near Pres- burg, in Hungary, of Jewish parents, July 15, 1831, entered while very young the Conservatory of Music at Vienna, where he studied under Joseph B5hm. From the age of twelve years he at- tracted much attention at Leipzig by his rare skill on his instrument, and obtained an engagement, which he held for seven years, in the or- chestra of the Gtewandhaus. Mean- while, however, he assiduously pur- sued his studies under the guidance of Ferdinand David, and also re- ceived lessons in the theory of music from Moritz Hauptmann. In 1850 he paid his first visit to Paris, and in the same year he was appointed Director of the Concerts at Weimar. In 1853 he became
Master of the Chapel Boyal at Hanover. After this period he ap- peared in most of the capitals of Europe, and paid annual visits to London, where he gave several series of concerts. In 1869 he be- came a member of the Senate of the Berlin Academy, and was nomi- nated Director of the School of Instrumental Music in the Conser- vatory of Music then recently established in the Prussian capital. He was created an honorary MuSt Doc. of the University of Cam- bridge, March 8, 1877. Herr Joa-» chim's fame rests mainly on his extraordinary skill as an instru- mentalist. As. a composer he belongs to the school of Schumann, which seeks to reconcile the clas- sical traditions with originality* The " Concert Jt la Hongroise " is one of his chief compositions for violin and orchestra. The Cam-' bridge Professor of Music has said of him : — " As an artist he may be regarded from two points of vi©w — first as an executant, in which quality hQ is pre-eminent, but which quality he never obtrudes upon his audience, so completely does he make us forget the player in the music he presents to us ; next as an interpreter of that deep purpose which is beyond the power of notation to define, in respect of which the greatest composer is utterly at the mercy of the player, and in which Joachim has not a rival ; and this renders his per- formances conspicuous in an age abounding with executive talent of the highest order." In Aug., 1882, he was appointed conductor of the Eoyal Academy of Music of Berlin, and musical director of the Boyal Academy of Arts.
JOHNSON, Eastman, born at Lovell, Maine, July 29. 1824. In 1849 he went to Diisseldorf, where he studied two years, and after- wards resided for four years at the Hague, where, besides numerous portraits, he executed " The Savoy- ard " and the " Card Players," his