of Emma hoping that the British Goyemment would refuse to acknowledge Kalakana, who was presumed to be hostile to European influence in the islands ; but in Jvme, 1874, Queen Victoria sent a letter to Kalakana, congratulating him upon his accession, and his right was then admitted. In the autumn of 1874 he decided to visit America and Europe, and the United States Gh>Yemment de- spatched a steam frigate to conyey Mm to San Francisco, where he arriyed Noy. 28. King Kalakana is well-educated, of exemplary habits and dignified maimers, and speaks English with fluency.
KALISCH, Mabcub,Ph.D.,M.A., was born of Jewish parents at Trep- ton, Pomerania, Prussia, May 16, 1828. He was educated at Berlin, first in the Grammar School of the "Graue Kloster," under Dr. Eibbeck, and then at the Uniyer- sit^, where he studied classical philology under Boeckh and Lach- mann, and the Semitic languages and Biblical sciences under Peter- mann,Benary36ngstenberg,yatke, and others ; besides deyoting him- self to Tahnudical literature, both priyately and in the Babbinical College. He took degrees in these yarious branches in 1848, both at Berlin and Halle. Early in 1849 he left Prussia in consequence of the political commotion which at that time disturbed the country, and settled in England. Here he contributed at first both to English and continental periodicals, deli- yered lectures on secular and theological subjects, and filled the post of Secretary to tiie Chief Babbi ; but he soon concentrated his whole attention upon the preparation of a critical Commentary on the Old Testament. In this undertaking he was supported by the Bothsdbild family, who secured for him the leisure necessary for so laborious an enterprise, and with whom, since 1850, he has been in the most intimate relations. The first yolume
appeared in 1855, under the title of '* A Historical and Critical Com mentary on the Old Testament with a new Translation. Exodus. The second yolume, "Genesis," followed in 1868 $ the third, " Levi- ticus, Part I., containing Chapters I. to X., witii Treatises on Sacrifices and the 'Hebrew Priesthood," in 1867; the fourth, "Leyitious, Part II., containing Chapters XI. to XXVII., with Treatises," in 1872. In the interyal between the appearance of the second and third yolumes Dr. Kalisch wrote a Hebrew Grammar. A severe illness con- tracted towards the end of 1872 interrupted his labours, but a par- tial recovery enabled him to resume them in 1876, at least to some extent, and in 1877 he published the first Part of a new w<»>k of "Bible Studies," commenting on "The Prophecies of Balaam;" in 1878 a second Part, containing " The Book of Jonah," preceded by a Treatise on the Hebrew and the Stranger;" and in 1880 a more comprehensive work, "Path and Goal, a Discussion on the Elements of Civilization and the Conditions of Happiness."
KANE, Sib Bobebt, H.D., bora in Dublin in 1810, where his father was a manufacturing chemist, was educated for the medical profession, and commenced his studies at the Meath Hospital, of which he became the clinical clerk. In 1830 he ob- tained the prise offered by Dr. Graves for the best essay on the Pathological Condition of the Fluids in T^hus Fever. Mr. Kane became a licentiate in 1882, and was elected a Fellow of tiie King and Queen's College of Physi- cians in Ireland in 1841, having been previously appointed Professor of Chemistry to the Apothecaries' Hall, of whose board he was for many years a leading examine. He resigned his pro&sorship in 1845, and was succeeded by Dr. Aldridge. In 1832 he projected the J^lin Journal of Mtdicml