Science, confined in the first in- stance to ohemisty and pharmacy, and afterwards extended to prac- tical medicine. His direct connec- tion with that journal ceased in 1834. He held the appointment of Professor of Natural Philosophy to the Boyal Dublin Society, from 1844 till 1847, and in the latter year the Boyal Academy awarded him the Cunningham gold medal for his discoveries in chemisiary. He had been a member of the Boyal Irish Academy from 1882, . was placed upon its council in 1841, and was afterwards elected its secretai^, an office which he con- tinued to fill until he received the appointment of President of the Queen's College of Cork. He had presented, in 1840, to the Boyal Society of London, some researches on the colouring matter of the lichens, which were subsequently published in the PhiloeophiciJ Transactions, and for which he re- oeiyed tiie royal medal. In 1843 he deliyered a series of lectures on the different sources of industry which exist in Ireland. In 1846 the measures recommended by him for the f ormatiini of a Museum of Industry in Ireland were carried out, the Museum in St. Stephen's Green was created, and he was ap- pointed Director, the Ordnance zoological and mineral collection of Mountjoy being remoyed to it. Dr. Kane's most extensive work, " The Elements of Chemistry," appeared in 1842 ; and the '* Industrial Be- sources of Ireland" in 1844. Dr. Kane was, in 1845, appointed, in conjunction with Professors Lind- ley and Playfair, to examine into the cause and means of preventing the potato blight. In 1846 he re- ceived the honour of knighthood, and was appointed one of the Irish BeHef Commissioners. He resigned the Presidency of Queen's CoUege, Cork, in 1864.
K A B B, Jban Baptistb Aii- PHONSB, author, born at Paris, Nov, 24, 1808, received hi? first in-
structions from his father, and afterwards entered the College Bourbon, in which he became a teacher. A copy of verses which he sent to the satirical joximal Figaro introduced him to Uterary life. Having been disappointed in love, he, in 1832, published a novel written in his youth, — "Sous les Tilleuls," a mdlange of irony and sentiment, of good sense and trifling, which at once made him popuhu:. " Une Heure trop Tard " appeared in 1833 ; " Vendredi Soir," in 1885 ; " Le Chemin le plus Court," in 1836; Einerley " and " Genevieve " in 1838 ; and " Voyage autour de mon Jardin," in 18&, followed by numerous other works. In 1839 he became editor-in-chief of Figaro ; and the same year founded Les Ou^pes, a monthly satirical journal, which had a remarkable success. After the revolution of 1848, M. Karr, disgusted with poli- tical life, retired to Nice, and still writes occasionally in the Revue dee Deum Mondes and other periodicals. His chief occupation, however, is horticulture on a large scale. The publication of a complete edition of this author's works commenced at Paris in 1860. He was made Chevalier of the Legion of Honour, April 25, 1845. His daughter, MdUe. Th^r^se Karr, has written "Les^oir^es Germaniques offertes k la Jeunesse," published in 1860 ; "Les Huit Grandes llpoques de I'Histoire de Prance," in 1861; " Centre un Proverbe," and " Dieu et ses Dons," in 1864; and other works.
KAY, The Hon. Sib Edwaed Ebbnbzeb, Judge of the High Court of Justice, was born July 2, 1822, at Meadowcroft, near Boch- dale, being a son of Bobert Kay, Esq., and Hannah his wife. He is a brother of Sir James Kay Shut- tieworth, Bart., late Secretary of the Committee of Council on Edu- cation, and of the late Joseph Kay, Esq., Q.C., Judge of the Manchester and Salford Palatine Cpurt, He