He is the author of the "Life of Henry John Temple, Viscount Palmerston."
ASSOLLANT, Jean-Baptiste-Alfred, a French author, born at Aubusson Creuse in 1827, entered the Normal School in 1847, and quitted it in 1850. After acting as Professor for some years, he left the university and visited the United States. On his return to France he contributed to the Revue des Deux Mondes an article upon "Walker and the Americans;" and published two novels, "Acacia" and "Les Butterfly." In 1858 he published what he termed une fantaisie américaine, under the title of "Scènes de la Vie des États-Unis." In 1859 he published "Deux Amis en 1792," and "Brancas;" in 1860, "La Mort de Roland " and "Histoire fantastique du célèbre Pierrot;" in 1861, "Les Aventures de Karl Brunner, docteur en théologie," and "Marcomrir, Histoire d'un Etudiant;" in 1862, "Jean Rosier," and "Rose d'Amour." Many of his romances appeared in La Presse, Le Journal pour Tous, and other periodicals. In consequence of the tone of some of his articles in the Courrier du Dimanche, that journal was suspended for two months in August, 1864, and received a warning in March, 1865. M. Assollant has collected his principal articles under the titles "D'Heure en Heure;" "Vérité! Vérité!" and "Pensées diverses, Impressions intimes, Opinions et Paradoxes de Cadet Bordiche." He also published two interesting pamphlets, "À Ceux qui Pensent encore" in 1861, "Canonniers, à vos Pièces!" in 1862, and "Rachel," a romance, in 1874. At the general election of 1869 he stood as a candidate for the fifth circonscription of Paris, but only succeeded in polling ninety-three votes.
ATHABASCA, Bishop of. (See Bompas, Dr.)
ATKINSON, The Rev. John Christopher, was born at Goldhanger, in Essex, in 1814, and received his education at Kelvedon, in that county, and at St. John's College, Cambridge (B.A. 1838). He was appointed vicar of Danby, in the North Riding of Yorkshire, and Domestic Chaplain to the late Viscount Downe in 1847, and Chaplain to the High Sheriff of Yorkshire in 1851. Mr. Atkinson is the author of "Walks, Talks, &c., of Two Schoolboys," 1859; "Playhours and Half-holidays," 1860; "Sketches in Natural History," 1861; "Eggs and Nests of British Birds," 1861; "Stanton Grange; or, Life at a Private Tutor's," 1864; "A Glossary of the Cleveland Dialect," 1868; "Lost; or What came of a Slip from Honour Bright," 1869; besides many papers on archæological and philological subjects in the "Proceedings" of various learned societies. For some time he was engaged on "The History of Cleveland, Ancient and Modern," partly published, and he has since edited the Chartularies of Whitby Abbey, in two volumes, for the Surtees Society, and is at present -occupied with the Chartulary of Grevaulx Abbey, for the same series. His last work has been "A Handbook of Ancient Whitby and its Abbey," just published.
ATLAY, The Right Rev. James, D.D., Bishop of Hereford, was born at Wakerley, Northamptonshire, in 1817, and after a preliminary training at Grantham and Oakham Schools, entered St. John's College, Cambridge, where he obtained a fellowship. He was vicar of Madingley, near Cambridge, from 1846 to 1852; Queen's Preacher at the Chapel Royal, Whitehall, from 1856 to 1858. He occupied the position of senior tutor of his college at the time he was elected to the vicarage out of 38 candidates, by the trustees of the vicarage, who are 25 in number. This was in 1859, when the Rev. Dr. Hook, the former vicar of Leeds, was appointed to the deanery of Chichester. Dr. Atlay was appointed a canon of Ripon in 1861; and in 1868 was nominated by the Crown to the see