produced such a revolution in the science of afj^'iculture. Not content with the individual profit which he derived from his investigations^ Mr. Lawes continued his work with the assistance of a practical chemist. In 1843 he engaged the assistance of Dr. Gilbert, the present director of Rothamsted farm, and undertook with him a systematic series of agri- cultural investigations in the field, the feeding-shed, and the labora- tory. Mr. Lawes was elected a Fel- low of the Boyal Society in 1854, and in 1867 the Boyal medal was awarded to him conjointly with Dr. Gilbert, by the council of the society. Mr. Lawes also received a gold medal from the Imperial Agricultural So- ciety of Russia. In June, 1881, the Emperor of Germany by Imperial decree awarded the gold medal of merit for agriculture to Mr. Lawes and Dr. Gilbert jointly. The results of the Rothamsted investigations are to be found in the " Journals of the Royal Agricultural Society of England," the "Reports of the British Association for the Ad- vancement of Science," the " Journal of the Chemical Society of London," the " Proceedings and Transactions of the Royal Society of London," the " Journal of the Society of Arts," the "Journal of the Horticultural Society of London," the Edinburgh Veterinary Review, the " Reports of the Royal Dublin Society," the PhUoaophical Magazine, the Agri- cultural Oatette, tiie Chemical News, and in official reports and scattered pamphlets and newspaper letters. In 1870 he published his views on the valuation of unexhausted ma- nures, and in 1873 wrote an inte- resting pamphlet on the same sub- ject with reference to the Irish Land Act of 1870. He was created a bar onet in May, 1882.
LAWRENCE, Sm George St. Patrick, K.C.S.I., C.B., son of Col. Alexander William Lawrence, born at Trincomalee, Ceylon, in 1805, waa educated at Foyle College, London- derry, and at Addiscombe College,
Surrey. He became a comet in the Bengal Light Cavalry in 1821, and adjutant in 1 824. He was appointed Political Assistant and Military Secretary, Envoy and Minister at Cabul in August, 1839, and was kept prisoner by the Afghans for nearly nine months. He was ap- pointed Political Assistant at Pe- shawur in 1848, and was again kept in captivity for nearly six months. He was present at the murder of Sir William Macnaghten, and was made prisoner, but was released and given over as a hostage to the Afghans on the Cabul retreat. He was present in several ^ntier actions, especially in the Kata Pass, with the Commander-in- Chief, Sir Charles Napier. He be- came Political Agent at Meywar, Rajpootanah, in June, 1850; Agent to the Governor-General for the Rajpootanah States in March, 1857 ; Major-General Bengal Staff Corps, in Sept. 1861 j and retired on full pay, with the honorary rank of Lieuten- ant-General, in Jan, 1867. He was nominated a Companion of the Bath in 1860, and a Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of India in 1866. Sir G. Lawrence is the author of " Reminiscences of Forty-Three Years' Service in India," edited by W. Edwards, 1874.
LAWSON, The Rioht Hon. James Antony, LL.D., born at Waterford, in 1817, was educated at Trinity College, Dublin, where he took the usual degrees and was Professor of Political Economy. He was called to the Irish bar in 1840. He became a Q.C. in 1857, was ap- pointed law adviser of the Crown in Ireland, and on the formation of Lord Palmerston's second adminis- tration, in 1859, Solicitor-General for Ireland, succeeding Mr. O'Hagan as Attorney-General in 1865 ; from which office he retired on the faU of Lord Russell's second administra- tion, in July, 1866. He was an un- successful candidate in the Liberal interest for the University of Dublin in April, 1857> and was first returned