Preface on som^ present Dangers of the English Church/' 1878 s "Studies in Genesis," 1880; and "The Foundations of Morality/' 1882.
LEBCEUF, Edmond, a Marshal of France, born Nov. 6, 1809, received his professional education in the Polytechnic School and the School of Artillery at Metz. He attained the rank of Colonel in 1852, served in the Crimean war at the head of the artillery; became a General of Division in 1867, and commanded the artillery during the Italian campaign in 1859. He was then appointed Aide-de-Camp to the Em- peror, and a member of the Com- mittee on Artillery. In 1866 he was sent te Venetia as Imperial Commissioner for transferring the province te the Italian authorities ; and in Jan. 1869 he was appointed te succeed General de Goyon at Toulouse, and te command the 6th Army Corps. In the following August he succeeded Marshal Niel as Minister of War, and he con- tinued to occupy that position in the X)arliamentary cabinet formed by M. Ollivier in Jan. 1870, being shortly afterwards created a Marshxd of France. Just before the late war between France and Prussia, Mar- shal Leboeuf assured the Emperor that the army was in a complete state of organization, and tho- roughly prepared for war. The disasters which so soon followed showed how much the Minister's confident opinion was to be relied on, and he became the most un- popular man in the country. He accompanied his Imperial master te the seat of war, and after S^dan was shut up in Metz with Marshal Bazaine. On the capitulation of that fortress he was sent prisoner into Germany. After peace was signed he went te Switzerland, and subsequently he returned te France, where he gave evidence before the Commission appointed te inquire inte the capitulations. L E C K Y, Wj lliam Edwabd
Hartpole, M.A., was born in the neighbourhood of Dublin, March 26, 1838, and educated at Trinity College, Dublin, where he gradu- ated B.A. in 1869 and M.A. in 1863. Devoting himself to literature, he soon gained great distinction as an author. His acknowledged works are: "The Leaders of Public Opinion in Ireland," published anonymously in 1861, and repub- Hshed in 1871-72; "History of the Rise and Influence of the Spirit of Bationalism in Europe," 2 vols., 1866, 5th edit., 1872; "History of European Morals from Augustus to Charlemagne," 2 vols., 1869; and "A History of England in the Eighteenth Century, ' vols. i. and ii., 1878, vols. iii. and iv., 1882. All these works have been trans- lated inte German, and some of them inte other languages.
LECOCQ, At.exandbb Cha&les, musical composer, born at Paris, June 8, 1832. He received his musical education in the Conserva- teire, where he studied from 1849 till 1864, when he set up as a teacher of music. About this period M. Offenbach founded the theatre of the Bouffes Parisiens, and opened a competition for the composition of an operetta in one act, entitled "Le Docteur Miracle." M. Lecocq, with seventy-seven other competitors, entered the lists, and he was at first classed among the first six, with MM. Bizet, Demersse- mann, Erlanger, Limagne, and Manniquet, and afterwards he had the sat^action of seeing his score chosen conjointly with that of George Bizet, the result being that "Le Docteur Miracle" was first represented on the stage with the music of M. Lecocq, April 8, 1857, and with the music of M. Bizet on the 9th of the s^me month, the two scores being afterwards played on alternate nighte. Neither of them, however, was received with much favour by the public. M. Leoocq obtained a larger measure of suc- cess with several one-act operettas