them in France. In 1840 the director of the Journal des D^ats intrusted him with the superyision of the English correspondence of that journal, a position which he still holds. Henas contributed to the Revtte des Deum Mondes numerous articles, for the most part relating to political history, England, and biography. Several of these articles were published in a separate form, under the title of "Etudes Critiques et Biographiques," in 1862. He was elected a member of the French Academy in succession to Jules Janin, May 13, 1875, and his recep- tion was on March 2, 1876. His keen and often hostile criticism of English policy is always read with interest by the more serious portion of Frenchmen, and is not dis- i*egarded in England ; and it may be said that it is chiefly by his exertions as a journalist that he obtained admission to the French Academy ; but he is the author of a number of able articles in the Bew^ de$ Deux Mondes, which have deservedly obtained a European reputation. Mr. Lemoinne has written no continuous book. "More than once, he said to his fellow Academicians, on the occasion of his reception, " when the ambition of sitting among you was suggested to me, I was told, ' Write a book.' My book, I have been writing it every day for thirty years, and I thank you for having discovered it." On Feb. 6, 1880, he was definitively chosen by the Left Centre for the Life Senatorship vacant by the death of M. de Lavergne, and in April of the same year he was appointed French Minister at Brussels.
LENORMANT, FBAN9018, is the son of Charles Lenormant, a distin- guished French antiquary and his- torian, and a member of the Insti- tute, who died in 1859. He was bom at Paris in 1835, and became known at an early age by his numismatic and archseological re» searches, undertaken by the advice
and under the direction of his father. In 1857 he carried off the numismatic prize awarded by the Academy of Inscriptions. He made several archaeological tours in Ger- many, Italy, and the East. He happened to be in Syria, char^^ with an official mission, at the tune of the massacres of the Christians in 1860, which he described in a series of letters addressed to news- papers in Paris, and s^Fterwards reprinted \mder the title of " line Persecution du Chyistianisme en 1860: les demiers Ev^nements de Syne," 1860. In that year (1860) M. Lenormant had made important excavations at Eleusis, and in 1866 he was appointed a member of the scientific commission which was sent to observe the volcanic pheno- mena of the island of Santorin. He was nominated sub-librarian of the Institute in 1862, but he resigned that post in 1872, and in 1874 he was appointed Professor of ArchsBology in the Biblioth^que Nationale. During the siege of Paris he served as a volunteer in the 9th Begiment of the National Guard of Paris, and was wounded at Buzenval. He attended the Congress of Orientalists held in Florence in Sept., 1878. Being, like his father, a sincere Catholic, he contributed largely to the Ami de la Religion, the CorreMpondant, and the Oaxette de France, From 1869 to 1872 he was editor of the Moniteur des ArchUectes, and in 1874 he founded, in conjunction with M. de Witte, the Oasette ArchSologique. Among his works are : — " Essai sur la Classification des Monnaies des Lagides," 1856, to which the Academic des Inscrip- tions et Belles Lettres awarded the numismatic prise in 1857; "Sur rOrigine Chr^tienne des Inscrip- tions Sinaltiques," 1869; "Deux Dynasties Fran<;aises ches les Slaves m^dionaux aux XIY" et XV« sifecles." 1861 ; " LeGouveme- ment des lies loniennes: lettre k Lord John EusseU," 1861; "His-