Page:Men of the Time, eleventh edition.djvu/71

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he was elected President of the National Assembly. On Dec. 9, 1875, the Duc d'Audiffret-Pasquier who, a few days previously, had joined the Left Centre, was the first person elected a Life Senator by the Assembly, by a majority amounting to four-fifths of all the votes recorded. In the sitting of March 13, 1876, he was elected President of the Senate. He continued to hold that office till Jan. 1879, after the Senatorial elections, which gave the Republicans a majority in the Upper Chamber. On Dec. 26, 1878, he was elected to the seat in the French Academy lately filled by Mgr. Dupanloup. Of the 27 members present 22 voted for him, and 5 abstained from voting.

AUDISIO, Guglielmo, a Piedmontese ecclesiastical writer, was born at Bra in 1802, and educated in the University of Turin. After having filled the chair of Professor of Philosophy there for four years, he was appointed Professor of Theology and Canon Law at the Royal Academy of Superga. In 1850 he was admitted into the Legal Faculty of the University of Rome, where, up to 1872, he was Professor of Public and Private Jurisprudence, and the Philosophy of Right. His work, "Lessons of Sacred Eloquence," went through five Italian editions and one French translation. Another work,"Introduction to Ecclesiastical Studies," was repeated in three Italian editions, and three of foreign languages (Flemish, French, and German). "The Private and Public Bases of the Natural Law" had two Italian editions. Another work, "On the Moral and Physical Education of the Clergy," was translated into French. He is also author of "The Public Right of the Church and of Christian People," 3 vols.; "The Rational Idea of Ecclesiastical Diplomacy;" "Civil and Religious History of the Popes," 5 vols.; "On Political and Religious Societies in the 19th Century" (Florence, 1876). The venerable theologian now resides at Rome.

AUERSPERG (Prince), Adolph Wilhelm Daniel, an Austrian statesman, son of Prince Wilhelm Auersperg, was born July 21, 1821, and began life as a soldier, entering the service at an early age, and continuing in it as a major in the Prince Eugène Dragoons up to a comparatively recent date. His name was definitely struck from the Army List only in the spring of 1870, on his appointment to the governorship of Salzburg. The Minister's political career commenced in February, 1867, when he was returned as member of the Bohemian Diet by the landed interest of that province. Ten months later, on Count Hartig's resignation, he was appointed President of the Bohemian Diet (Oberstland Marschall), continuing in that office till 1870, and distinguishing himself by competent and energetic administration, siding, however, strongly with the Germans. In January, 1869, he was nominated life member of the Upper Chamber, in the discussions of which he has since taken a conspicuous part. His appointment to the governorship of Salzburg (March 17, 1870) caused great dissatisfaction to the allied party of federalists and clericals, who emphatically demanded his dismissal. Throughout his term of office he has remained strictly faithful to the Constitution, and opposed even the slightest deviation from the established laws. He was appointed President of the Austrian Ministry on the retirement of Count Beust, Nov. 25, 1871. The Cabinet of Prince Auersperg, after many fruitless attempts to secure a working majority in the Reichsrath, gave up the task, and the Lower House was dissolved on May 22, 1879. The German Constitutional Party, of which this Cabinet was the representative, and which had almost uninterruptedly been in power for twelve years, had split up into fac-