Page:Men of the Time, eleventh edition.djvu/716

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LEVISSHON— Li:VY.

699

In 1852, the Council of King's College^ London, allowed him to give evening lectures on Commerce and Commercial Law, and he was appointed Professor of the Practice and Principles of Commerce in that CoUege. His contributions to sta- tistical science are extensive. He was called to the bar at Lincoln's Inn in 1859, was created a Doctor of Political and Economical Sciences by the University of Tdbingen in 1861, is a Fellow of the Statistical Society, and of the Society of Antiquaries, a member of the Society of Arts, and a Fellow of the Eoyal Geographical Society. Li 1881, Professor Levi founded in Ancona, his native town, a lecture- ship on the "Laws of Commerce in relation to Science and Moral and International Laws ; " and the King of Italy nominated him Cavaliere of the Order of the Crown of Italy, and of SS. Maurizio and Lazzaro.

LEVISSOHN, Db. Joseph, born in Germany at the close of the last century, was carefully educated, in the Jewish synagogue, in the reli- gious tenets of his people. His learning and pious zeal pointed him out as a fit person to fill the vacant principal rabbinical post in Wtlr- temburg; but discussion with a . Russian nobleman on religious mat- ters led to his reading the New Testament, and this resulted in his resigning his function as " Master in Israel." He went to St. Peters- burg, where he was admitted as a member of the Greek Church, and was appointed Professor of Hebrew and Divinity in the University. In his zeal for the conversion of his brethren, he impressed upon Nicho- las I. the importance of translating into Hebrew the Eusso - Greek Liturgy, known as the compilation of St. Chrysostom. Nicholas I. authorized the undertaking, the expenses of which were enormous, and Dr. Levissohn's adversaries in the Council of Censors urged the Czar to suppress the translation as

not well adapted to undergo the searching criticism of learned Jews, who abound in Russia. The whole impression has since been guarded under the lock and key of the Censorial Synod of St. Peters- burg, two copies excepted, one of which is in the library of the British Museum, and the other in the study of the Bishop of St. David's. In 1858, when the Czar determined to organize a Busso- Greek ecclesiastical establishment at Jerusalem, he sent a large staff of ecclesiastical dignitaries and officials, inclusive of Dr. Levis- sohn. The professor made some valuable discoveries in Samaritan MSS. at Nablus, some account of which was published at Paris in 1862. His orthodoxy has, however, been impugned, and his enemies at court succeeded in getting his sup- plies from head-quarters stopped. He is affectionately befriended by the Eussian bishop at Jerusalem, in whose house he lives, and de- votes his time to Biblical re- 8ear9he8.

LEVY, Emilb, a French painter, bom at J*aris Aug. 29, 1826, studied at the Ecole des Beaux- Arts, as a pupil of Abel de Pujol and of Picot, and gained the Prize of Bome in 1854. He sent from Some, in the following year, to the Uni- versal Exposition at Paris, his pic- ture of "Noah cursing Ham," which was purchased by the State. Among the pictures which he sub- sequently exhibited at the annual " Salons," we may mention " Le Souper libre" and "Ruth et No^mi," 1859; "La Eentr^e des foins," 1861 ; " Vercing^torix se rendant h C^sar," " Venus ceignant sa ceinture," and "La Messe au Champs," 1863 j " IdyUe," 1864; "Diane," 1865; "La Mort d'Or- ph^e " and another " Idylle," 1866 ; " L'Arc-en-ciel " and " Les Lilas," 186S; "L'H^sitation" and "La Musique," 1869 ; " Le Jugement de Midas," 1870 ; " Jeune fifle portant des fruits," 1872; "Le Sentier,"