1866, and, in conjunction with Mr. Thos. Hughes, M.P., placed the leg^islation of the War Office on an improved basis. In 1870 he was appointed Secretary of the Boyal Commission on Scientific Instruc- tion and the Advancement of Science, and on the termination of the labours of that commission was transferred to the Science and Art Department. Mr. Lockyer is known as a worker in astronomy and phy- sics, a large contributor to scientific literature, and a lecturer on scien- tific subjects. He was elected a Fellow of the Boyal Astronomical Society in 1860, and he contributed an important paper on "The Planet Mars" to the Memoirs of that Society. About this time he commenced telescopic observations of the sun, and in 1866 proposed a method for observing the red flames without an eclipse, which method he and M. Janssen independently applied in 1868. To commemorate this discovery a medal was struck by the French Government in 1872. He was elected a Fellow of the Boyal Society in 1869, and inde- pendently, and in conjunction with Dr. Frankland, announced many important solar and physical dis- coveries to the Society in this and the following years. He was chief of the English Government Eclipse Expedition to Sicily in 1870, and to India in 1871, and was elected Bede Lecturer to the University of Cam- bridge in 1871, and Bakerian Lec- turer to the Boyal Society for the year 1874, in which year he also re- ceived the Bumford medal from that body. On Jan. 29, 1875, the Paris Academy of Sciences elected him a corresponding member in the Section of Astronomy. Mr. Locker has published "Elemen- tary Lessons in Astronomv ;" "Con- tributions to Solar Physics," 1873 ; " The Spectroscope and its Applica- tions," 1873 J "Primer of Astro- nomy," 1874 ; " Studies in Spectrum Analysis," 1878 ; and " Star Gazing, Past and Present," 1878. He is a
foreign member of several acade- mies and scientific bodies, and is a Knight of the Brazilian Order of the Bose.
LOEWE, The Bev. Db. Louis, was born at Zalz,in Prussian Silesia, in 1809, and educated at Boeenberg, in Silesia, subsequently at the theo- logical colleges of Lissa, Nichols- burg, and I^esburg, and the Uni- versity of Berlin. He was ap- pointed in 1839 Hebrew Lecturer and Oriental linguist to the late Duke of Sussex; in 1856, Head Master of the Jews' College, Fina- bury Square ; in 1858, Examiner for Oriental Languages to the Boyal College of Preceptors; and in 1868, Principal and Director of Sir Moses Montefiore's Theological College at Bamsgate. Dr. Loewe travelled under uie auspices of the Duke of Sussex, the Duke of North- umberland (then Lord Pmdhoe), the Earl of Munster, and the late Admiral Sir Sydney Smith, in the vears 1836, 1887, 1838, in Egypt, Nubia, part of Ethiopia, Syria, Palestine, Turkey, Asia Minor, and Greece, for the cultivation of the study of the Arabic, Coptic, Nubian, Turlash, and Circassian langua^^ and literature, and accompanied Sir Moses Montefiore, Bart., on nine of his philanthropic missions to the East, and on four to Bussia, Poland, Boumania, and Borne. He has published " The Origin of the Egyptian Language proved by the Analysis of tluit and the Hebrew " in the "Asiatic Journal, 1837; " Brief e aus dem Orient " (Letters from the East) in Dr. Philippeon's "Allgemeine Zeitung des Juden- thums," No. 18-79 in 18 numbers, Leipzig, 1839 ; a translation of J. B. Levinsohn's " £f^ D4mmtm," a series of conversations at Jerusalem between a patriarch of the Greek Church and a chief Babbi of the Jews, London, 1841 ; a translation of the Bev. David Nieto's " Mitt^ D4n," being a supplement to the book "Kuzlri," 1842; "Observa- tions on a Unique Cufio Gold Coin,**