Page:Men of the Time, eleventh edition.djvu/731

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714

LOWE— LOWE.

the Nouveau Eobinson Suisse " of StahL

LOWE, Majob-Genbbal Sib Dbubt Cubzon Dbuby, K.C.B., son of the late Mr. William Drury- Lowe, by the Hon. Caroline Esther Curzon, daughter of the second Lord Scarsd^e, was born in 1830. He entered the army in 1864, and became a full Colonel in 1871. He served with the I7th Lancers in the Crimea, and also in the Indian Mutiny. He commanded his re^- ment in the Zulu War, and led the charge at the conclusion of the battle of Ulundi. He went out to South Africa a^ain in 1881 to com- mand the cava&y there, but did not arrive in the country in time to see active service. In the Egyptian expedition of 1882 he commanded the Cavalry Brigade, and for his services he was created a K.C.B., and received the thanks of Parlia- ment and also the second class of the Osmanieh.

LOWE, Edwabd Josbph, F.R.S., elder surviving son of tJie late Alfred Lowe, Esq., J.P., of High- field, near Nottingham (one of the original members of the Meteoro- logical Society), was born at High- field, Nov. 11, 1825 ; and in 1840 he commenced that valuable series of daily meteorological observations which were continued to April, 1882. In 1846 he published "A Treatise on Atmospheric Phe- nomena." About 1848 he assisted the late Professor Baden Powell in the meteor observations for the British Association, and was the first to point out the convergence of meteors to a point in the heavens. " Prognostications of the Weather," a small work by him, appeared in 1849. In 1850 he became a mem- ber of the Meteorological Society, of which he was one of the founders. In 1853 he wrote two valuable local works, entitled " The Climate of Nottinghamshire," and "The Conchology of Nottinghamshire." In the same year he likewise assis- ted the late Professor Edward

Forbes, in the compilation of his work on "British MoUusca," and issued the first parts of the well- known " Natural History of British and Exotic Ferns." His next work, on " British Grasses," appeared in 1858, and he subsequently wrote two other botanical works on " Beau- tiful-leaved Plants," and " New and Bare Ferns," in 1861 and 1862 ; and " Our Native Ferns," in 1865. His last work, entitled the " Chronology of the Seasons," is yet in progress, the first part only having been issued. In 1860 he was one of those who accompanied the Govern- ment expedition to Spain for the purpose of observing the solar eclipse, and was placed in charge of the meteorological department in the Santander district. In 1866 he was local secretary to the British Association. In 1868 he was presi- dent of the Nottingham Literary and Philosophical Society. Besides being the author of the works enu- merated, Mr. Lowe has contributed many papers on scientific subjects to various learned societies, and to the British Association; and he sends daily meteorological telegrams to the Board of Trade, and synchronous meteorological observations to the United States Government. He was the inventor of the dry powder tests for the ozone observations used in the scientific balloon ascents. He was also the discoverer of an entirely new and distinct species of British worm, the Megas- colex rigida (Baird) ; and has been the raiser of many abnormal British ferns ; and has succeeded in produc- ing hybrids between Polystichum aculeatum and P. angulare. For some years past Mr. Lowe has been a Deputy-Lieutenant and Justice of the Peace for Nottinghamshire, and a Commissioner of Income Tax. In 1882 he went to reside at Shire- newton Hall, near Chepstow, which estate he piirchased from Lord Kin- tour. He is now a Justice of the Peace for Monmouthshire. He is a Fellow of the Boyal, the Boyal