" History of the Penal Laws en- acted against Eoman Catholics/' 1847; "The Island of Cuba, its Resources, &c.," 1849 j "Shrines and Sepulchres of the Old and New World, 1851 J " The Life and Mar- tyrdom of Savonarola," 1854; "Me- moirs of the Countess of Blessing- ton/' 1855; "Phantasmata; or Il- lusions ajid Fanaticisms of an Epi- demic Character," 1857; "The Turkish Empire, in its Relations with Christianity and Ciyilization," I860; " Qtblileo and the Inquisi- tion," 1863 ; " The Lives and Times of the United Irishmen " — his most important work, in which ample details are given of the causes of the rebellion of 1798, recently re- published in 4 vols.; "Historical Notice of the Operations and Re- laxations of the Penal Laws against Roman Catholics, and of those which are still Unrepealed," 1865; "The History of Irish Periodical Litera- ture," first series, 2 vols. 1867. He has also contributed extensively during the past thirty years to periodical literature.
MADRAS, Bishop or. (See Gbll, Dr.)
MADVIG, John Nicholas, philologist and politician, of Jew- ish extraction, was born in the island of Bomholm, in Denmark, Aug. 7, 1804, and studied at Fredericksborg and the University of Copenhagen, where he became Professor of t^e Latin language and literature in 1829. He luis compiled "Opuscula Academica," published in 1834-42; a "Latin Grammar for the Use of Schools," published originally in Danish, and afterwards in German (a transla- tion of which was issued at Oxford by the Rev. George Woods, rector of Sully, Glamorganshire, in 1861) ; " Syntax der Ghriechischen Sprache " (Brunswick, 1847), translated by the late Rev. T. K. Arnold; and "Bemerkungen tlber verschiedene Punkte des Systems der Lat. Sprachlehre." He has edited Cicero's treatise "De Pinibus."
Elected Deputy to the National Diet in 1839, he was, in 1848, one of the most advanced Radicals, and in Nov. of that year was appointed Minister of Worship, retiring in Jan., 1852, when he received the general direction of Public Instruc- tion. Since then he has been elected a member of the Danish Chamber, where he exercised great influence. The first volume of his "Adversaria Critica ad Scriptores Grsecos et Latinos" appeared in 1871. He was nominated a Cheva- lier of the Order of the Lion of the Netherlands in [Feb., 1875. In Aug., 1879, he was compelled by increasing weakness of sight to resign his chair of the Latm lan- guage and literature in the Uni- versity of Copenhagen.
MAGEE, The Right Rev. Wil- liam CoNNOB, D.D., Bishop of Peterborough, was born at Cork in 1821, being son of the Rev. John Magee, Curate of the Cathedral Parish, Cork. At the age of thir- teen he entered Trinity College, Dublin, and subsequently obtained a scholarship, besides other acade- mical distinctions. In due course he took holy orders, and after holding for some time a curacy in a Dublin parish, he was obliged to relinquish it and to proceed for the benefit of his health to Malaga, where he remained two years. On his return, in 1848, he accepted the curacy of St. Saviour's, Bath, which he held about two years. In 1860 he was appointed joint incumbent, and shortly after sole incumbent of the Octs^on Chapel, Bath. When the Liberation So- ciety was organised, Bath formed a counter-association, called the " Bath Church Defence Society," in connection with which Dr. Ma- gee delivered an able lecture on "The Voluntary System, and the Established Church." Such was the effect of this • address that similar societies sprang up through- out the country. Subsequentiy Dr. Magee published " Christ the Light