ington Court, in the south of Devon; he is in holy orders, and had for many years the livings of Oockington and Torre Mohun. His mother is a daughter of the late Yen. B. Hurrell Froude, Archdeaoon of Totnes, and she is a sister of Mr. Anthony Froude, the historian. Mr. MallodE was educated by a private tutor, the Eev. W. B. Phil- pot, of Littlehampton, Sussex, and afterwards at Balliol College, Ox- ford, where in 1871 he gained the Newdigate Prize Poem, the subject being " The Isthmus of Suez." He took, at Oxford, a second-class in the final classical schools. Mr. Mallock has never entered any profession^ though at one time he contemplated the diplomatic ser- vice. " The New Republic,'* most of which he wrote when he was at Oxford, was published in 1876, it having first appeared in a f rag- menti^y form in Belgrama. A year later he published " The New Paul and Virmiia." In 1879 he pub- lished Is Life Worth Living?" which first appeared in fragments in the Contemporary Review and the Nineteenth Century. In 1880 he brought out a small edition of "Poems," written, most of them, many years previously. The fol- lowing year he published ** A Bo- mance of the Nineteenth Century ; " and in 1882 "Social Equality: a Study in a Missing Science," the substance of which had already appeared in fragments in the JVtne- teenth Centwry and the Contemporary during the three previous years.
MAXMESBUBY (Eabl of). The BiQHT Hon. Jakxs Howabd Hab- BI8, G.C.B., eldest son of the late earl, and g^randson of the celebrated diplomat^t in the reign of G«orge III., born in London, March 25, 1807, was educated at Eton and Oriel College, Oxford, where he graduated B.A. in 1828. Having been elected a member in the Con- servative interest for the borough of Wilton in June, 1841, he succeeded to the peerage on the death of his
father, the second earl, Sept. 10, in that year. His lordship, as Se^e- tary of State for Foreign Affairs in Lord Derby's first administration in 1852, by being the first to recognize the French empire, con- tributed to bring about the g^ood understanding which, with slight interruption, subsequently exi^bed between Napoleon III. and the Court of St. James's. Lord Malmes- bury held the same position in Lord Derby's second administration in 1868-9, when he laboured zeal- ously to avert the war between France and Italy and Austria. On the formation of Lord Derby's third administration, in 1866, Lord Malmesbury, feeling unequal, <m account of failing health, to the labours imposed upon . a Foreign Minister, became Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal, which office he retained till Deo., 1868. He was re-api>ointed to the latter office in Feb., 1874, and resigned it Aug. 12, 1876. His lordship, who edited " The Diaries and Correspondence " of his grand- father, published in 1844, and " The First Lord Malmesbury : his Family and Friends. A Series of Letters from 1745 to 1820," 2 vols. 8vo, London, 1870, was made a Privy Councillor Feb. 28, 1852, and G.C.B. June 14, 1859, and was one of the general Committee of Fine Arts in the International Exhibition of 1862.
MAMIANI (Count), Tesbnzio Della Bovbbs, poet and politician, bom at Pesaro, in the State of the Church, in 1800, on leaving college mixed himself up with the revolu- tionary movements which followed the accession of G^rego^y XVI. to the Pontifical chair, and became one of the Provisional Government con- stituted in Bologna after the rising in the Bomag^a. After the revolt had been put down by the Austrians, he betook himself to Paris, wh^« he formed a Propag^dist Society, of which Mazzini was a member. Differences, however, soon arose be- tween them, although they did not