port of troops imd on the defence of the kingdom.
MANCHESTEB^ Bishop or. (See Fbasea "Dr ^
MANISTY, The Hon. Sib Hbnbt, son of the Kev. James Manisty, B.D., vicar of Edlingham, Northumber- land, was born at Edlingham in 1808, and educated at the Durham grammar school. He practised as a solicitor from 1831 to 1845 ; was called to the bar at Gray's Inn in the last-named year ; was appointed one of Her Majesty's Counsel in 1857; and a Judge of the High Court of Justice (Queen's Bench division), in Nov., 1876, on which occasion he received the honour of knighthood.
MANNERS. The Right Hon. LoBD John Jambs Robbbt, G.C.B., M.P., second son of the late John Henry, fifth Duke of Rutland, by the Lady Elizabeth Howard, fifth daughter of Frederick, fifth Earl of Cai'Usle, born at Belvoir Castle, Leicestershire, Dec. 13, 1818, was educated at Eton and Trinity Col- lege, Cambridge, where he gradu- ated M.A. in 1839, and was one of the earliest members of the Camden Society, established for the purpose of promoting church restoration upon the principles of Gothic archi- tecture. It was at the University that he originally became inspired with those half-fantastic, half-Uto- pian, yet wholly chivalrous ideas, which eventually resulted in the social and political movement set on foot by the little band of politi- cians, who were derisively styled "Young Englanders." Li Jime, 1841, he was, with Mr. Gladstone, returned member in the Conserva- tive interest for the borough of Newark, but he did not present himself again to that constituency at the general election in Aug. 1847. He was defeated in a contest for Liverpool in the latter year, and in another contest for the Ci^ of London with Baron Rothschild, in June, 18i9, but he was returned for Colchester in Feb., 1850, and con-
tinued to represent that borough till March, 1857, when he waa elected for North Leiceetershire. He made his maiden speech in Feb., 1841, when he opposed the repeal of the Com Laws, advocating, sub- sequently, the cultivation of diplo- matic relations with the See of Rome, and of a better understanding with the Irish priesthood, a relaxar tion of tiie law of mortmain, and in many other matters showing that he held too broad opinions to act always with his party, though he opposed Sir R. Peel's free-trade measures in 1845-6, and from that time identified him'y?!^ completely with the Conservatives. He was appointed First Commissioner of the Office of Works, and swom a Privy Councillor in Lord Derby's first administration in 1852, held the same post in Lord Derby's second administration in 1858-9, and was re-appointed, with a seat in the Cabinet, in Lord Derby's third administration, 1866-7. On the return of the Conservatives to office in Feb., 1874, he was appointed Postmaster-Gteneial, and he held that post till the Conservatives went out of office in April, 1880, when he was created a G.C.B. The honorary degree of D.C.L. was oon- feired upon him by the University of Oxford in 1876. Lord John Maimers, who is heir presumptive to the dukedom of Rutland, is a staunch defender of the rights of the Church, a supporter of the ag^cultural interest, and acted for many years as Chairman of the Tithe Redemption Trust. His first literary performance was "Eng- Icmd's Trost; and other Poems," 1841. This contains the oft-cited couplet,
- ' Lot wealth and commerce, laws and learn-
ing die, Bat leave na atUl oor old nobility."
When these lines were quoted against him in the Guildhall on the occasion of the contested election of 1849, his lordship exclaimed : —