was appointed Statthalter of Elsasa- Lothnngen in 1879.
MAPOTHEE, Edwam) Dillon, M.D., born at Fairview, near Dub- lin, Oct. 14, 1835, received his edu- cation in the Queen's University, and had not reached the age of nineteen when he was appointed Demonstrator of Anatomy at the College of Surgeons, Dublin. He also Sscharged the duties of Medical Officer of Health for Dublin, Pro- fessor of Hygiene, and Member of the Council of the Boyal College of Surgeons, Ireland. He became Pro- fessor of Physiolc^ in this institu- tion in 1867> and in 1879 President. Dr. Mapother is the author of
- ' Lectures on Public Health," 2nd
edit., 1869 ; a " Manual of Physio- logy," useid largely at medical schools, and a school-book on the same subject used in the Irish Na- tional Schools, and republished by the Eev. G. £. Gleig in his famous " New School Series," 1871. He is also well known as the advocate of complete pressure in curing aneur- ism, and by an Essay on Sie Spas of Lisdoonvama, co. Clare," a work on Skin Diseases, and biographical sketches of Irie^ Surgeons.
MABC^BE, Ekilb Louis Gus- TAVB DssHATXs DE, a Frcuch statesman, born at Domfront (Ome), of an ancient Norman family, March 16, 1828. He studied law at Caen, and having been, in 1848, attached to the Ministry of Justice, he became, in succession, " substitut " at Soissons (1853) and at Arras (1856), Procureur Imperial at Saint Pol (1857), President of the Tribunal of Avesnes (1863), and Councillor in the Court of Ap- peal at Douai (1856). While hold- ing the latter post he published, in 1869, a pamphlet entitled "La Politique d*un Provincial," which attracted much attention, and was highly praised by the Liberal press. After tiiie fall of the Empire, and previously to the elections, he pub- lished another pamphlet — ^"Lettre aux Electeurs k Toccasion des Elec-
tions pour la ConsUtuante," in which he declared his preference for the Bepublican form of govern- ment. At the elections of Feb. 8, 1871, he was returned to the National Assembly by the depart- ment of the Nord, receiving 145,000 votes, and beinjpr the I7ui on a list of 28 successnil candidates. He took his place among the members of the L^ Centre, 'vmich chose him for its Yice-Ptesident, and he let no opportunity pass of advocating the definitive establishment of the Eepublic. This was the object he had in view when he issued m 1872 another p^nphlet on ** La BEpub- lique et les Conservateurs." At tiie elections of Feb. 20, 1876, he was chosen as a Deputy for the second ciroonscription of the arrondisse- ment of Avesnes (Nord), and he was re-elected to the new Chamber in Oct., 1877. On March 12, 1876, he succeeded his friend M. Bicard as Under-Secretary in the Ministry of the Interior, and on the death of the latter shortly afterwards M. de Marc^re was himself appointed (May 14) Minister of the Interior. He resigned his portfolio Dec. 13, 1876, and was succeeded by M. Jules Simon. M. de Marc^re again became Minister of the Interior in the administration which was formed on Dec. 14, 1877, and he held that office till March 3, 1879.
MARCH, Francis aWdrsw, LL.D., born at Millbury, Massa- chusetts, Oct. 25, 1845. He gradu- ated at Amherst College in 1825; was tutor there until 1849, when having in the meantime studied law, he was admitted to the New York bar, 1850. He subsequently engaged in teaching in Virginia, 1852-55, and in 185i8 was chosen Professor of the English Language and Comparative Philology in La- fayette College, Easton, Pennsyl- vania. He has devoted himself specially to the Anglo-Saxon lan- guage, ranks among the foremost scholars in that department, and in 1873 was chosen President of the