account of the part he took in poli- tical affairs, he was made Titular Professor of Law at Zurich in 1852, at Breslau in 1854, and at Berlin in 1858. In 1875 he was appointed Professor of Jurisprudence in the University of Leipsic. On June 15, 1882, he was tried at Berlin for haying in an election speech slan- dered Prince Bismarck, but was acquitted. The decision was ap- pealed against, and on April 7, 1883, the Imperial High Court of Appeal at Leipsic finally acquitted Profes- sor Mommsen of the charge. He has written . numerous learned works, has edited a magnificent work on Latin inscriptions, published by the Prussian Academy of Sciences, and a work on Boman Coins, and is best known in England by his " Earliest Inhabitants of Italy" of which a translation by Robertson appeared in London in 1858, and "History of Bome," translated by W. P. Dick- son, and published in London in 1862-3. In 1878 the King of Italy conferred on him the Grand Cross of the Order of SS. Maurice and Lazarus.
MONCK (Viscount), The Bight Hon. Chablbs Stanley Monck, bom at Templemore, co. Tipperary, Oct. 10, 1819, was educated at Trinity College, Dublin, and called to the bar ip Ireland in 1841. He was returned one of the members for Portsmouth, in the Liberal in- terest, in July, 1852, was re-elected in March, 1855, was defeated at the general election in Murch, 1857, and was an unsuccessful candidate for Dudley in April, 1861. He was a- Lord of the lireasury from 1855 till 1858; was appointed a Commis- sioner of Charitable Donations and Bequests in Ireland in 1851, and Captain-General and Goyemor-in- Chief of Canada, and Governor- General of British America, Oct. 28, 1861. His lordship was formerly reappointed, under a fresh Act of Parliament, Governor of the United Provinces of Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick in June, 1867,
but resigned in Nov., 1868. In 1871 he was appointed a Commis- sioner of National Education in Ireland. On the disestablishment of the Irish Church in 1871 he was appointed a Commissioner to carry into effect the provisions of the Act ; the other Commissioners being Mr. Justice Lawson and the late Mr. G. A. Hamilton. He succeeded his father as fourth viscount in the peerage of Ireland, April 20, 1849, and was made a peer of the United Kingdom, July 12, 1866,
MONCBEIPP (Lord), The Biqht Hon. James MoNCBEnrF, se- cond son of the late Sir James Wellwood Moncreiff, ninth baronet, of Tulliebole, Kinross-shire (a Lord of Session in Scotland, by tiie title of Lord Moncreiff), by Ann, daughter of Captain George Bobertson^ K.N., was born at Edmburgh, Nov. 29, 1811. He was educatcni at the high school and at the Universilnr of Edinburgh, and was admittea an advocate at the Scotch bar in 1833. He was Solicitor-General for Soot- land from Feb., 1850, till April, 1851, when, on the elevation of Lord Butherford to the bench, he was appointed the Lord Advocate, and continued to hold that office until the change of ministry in Mfux^h, 1852. ^on after being ap- pointed Lord Advocate he was re- turned to Parliament as member for the Leith district, as a Liberal, and in favour of free trade. He retained his seat for the Leith district till April, 1859, when he was elected for Edinburgh, which city he continued to represent till 1868, when he was returned to Parliament as represen- tative for the Universities of Glas- gow and Aberdeen. He became Lord Advocate a second time in Dec., 1852, and occupied that posi- tion till March, 1858 ; a third time from Jtme, 1859, till July, 1866 j and a f ourtii time from Dec.^ 1868, till Nov., 1869, when he was ap- pointed Lord Justice Clerk and President of the Second Division of the Court of Session in Scothmd.