Page:Men of the Time, eleventh edition.djvu/824

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MOUNT TEMPLE— MOWAT.

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contributor to Professor Plumptre's "Bible Educator." His "History of the English Bible" appeared in 1878.

MOUNT TEMPLE (Lord), The Bight Hon. William Francis Cowpbr-Temple, is the second son of the fifth Earl Cowper,byEmilyMary, eldest daughter of the 1st Viscount Melbourne. (She married, secondly, the celebrated Viscount Palmer- ston.) He was born Dec. 13, 1811, and entering the army as Comet in the Horse Guards in Dec. 1827> he became Lieutenant in 1832, and Captain in 1835, when he retired upon half-pay. He was promoted to the rank of Brevet-Major in 1852. After leaving the army he was private secretary to Lord Mel- bourne, 1835 ; a Commissioner of Greenwich Hospital, 1839; a Lord of the Treasury, 1841 ; a Lord of the Admiralty, July, 1846 — ^Mar. 1852, and Dec. 1852— Feb. 1855; Under-Secretary for the Home Department, Feb. to Aug. 1855 ; and President of the Board of Health from Aug. 1855, when he was sworn a Privy Councillor, till Feb. 1857, when he was appointed to the newly-created office of Vice- President of the Committee of the Privy Council on Education. Whilst holding this post he pre- sided over the Board of Health until the resignation of the Ministry in 1858. In Aug. 1859^ he was ap- pointed Vice-President of the Board of Trade, and in Feb. 1860, First Commissioner of Public Works, which office he resigned on the fall of the Bussell administration in 1866. Mr. Cowper represented the borough of Hertford in the Liberal interest from 1835 till 1868, when he was returned for South Hamp- Bhire> which constituency he con- tinued to represent in the House of Commons till 1880. He was sworn a Privy Councillor in 1855. Under his administration the parks were ffreatly improved. In Nov. 1871, he obtained Her Majesty's licence to use the surname of Templp in

addition to and after that of Cow- per, in compliance with a clause in the will of the late Lord Palmer- ston. Mr. Cowper - Temple pro- moted and passed "The Mescal Bill, 1858, by which the Medical Coimcil was established; "The Thames Embankment Bill," 1862-3 ; "The Courts of Justice Building Bill/' 1863; and "The Metropoli- tan Commons Bill," 1866. In 1870, when the Elementary Education Bill was under consideration, Mr. Cowper-Temple brought forward a proposal to exclude from all rate- built schools every catechism and formulary distinctive of denomina- tional creed, and to sever altogether the relation between the local School Boards and the denomina- tional schools, leaving the latter to look solely to the central grants for help. On June 30, 1870, by a ma- jority of 252 to 95 votes, the Com- mons rejected Sir S. Northcote's proposal to eliminate from the Edu- cation Bill Mr. Cowper-Temple 's proviso against distinctive religious catechisms or formularies, and to leave the whole question of religi- otis teaching to the discretion of each School Board. Subsequently the Government accepted the amendment, which was added to the Bill. For some years Mr. Cowper - Temple endeavoured to remove the obstacles which stand in the way of women obtaining licences to practice medicine. In May, 1880, he was raised to tho Peerage by the title of Baron Motmt-Temple, of Mount-Temple, county Sligo.

MOWAT, Thb Hon. Olivbb, Q.C, LL.D., M.P.P., Premier and Attor- ney-General in the Province of On- tario, Canada, was born at King- ston, U.C, on the 22nd July, 1820. He was csJled to the bar of Upper Canada in 1842. He was appointed a Queen's Counsel in 1856, and a Bencher of the Law Society for the Province in the same year. He is a member of the Senate, and an LL.D. of Toronto University. From