funds for the relief of the distress ' and for starting the new organisa- tion ; lectured in a large number of towns, before several State Legis- latures, and finally before the House of Bepresentatives at Washington. The honour of addressing the last assembly had previously been con- ferred upon but three persons — Lafayette, Bishop England, of Charleston, and Kossuth. Mean- time, Parliament was dissolved; Mr. Pamell hurried home^ took an active part in the general election, and was hiuiself elected for three constituencies — Meath, Mayo, and Cork city j he selected the last- named constituency. At the meet- ing of the new Irish party after the election, he was chosen leader of the Irish party instead of Mr. Shaw, who had succeeded Mr. Butt. Immediately after the meeting of the new Parliament, Mr. Pamell called for the immediate introduc- tion of a measure to deal with the Irish land question; and shortly after, the Government brought in the Disturbance Bill, which, having been passed by the House of Com- mons, was afterwards rejected by the House of Lords. In the autumn of 1880 he took an active part in organising the Land League, which rapidly grew to be the most power- ful of modem Irish movements. In November of this year, infor- mations were laid by the Irish Attorney-General against Mr. Par- nell and several other members of the Land League executive ; the trial opened at Dublin on the 28th of De- cember, and finally, after nineteen days' hearing, ended in a disagree- ment of the jury. In the opening of the Session of 1881, the Govern- ment brought in a Coercion Bill, and to this measure, as well as to an Arms Bill, Mr. Pamell and his colleagues offered a fierce and ob- stinate opposition, prolonged over seven weeks. There were many exciting and tumultuous scenes, and on the 3rd of February he and 34 of hid followers were removed by the
sergeant-at-arms for causing ob- struction in the House of Commons. The Land Act having been passed into law, Mr. Pamell presided at a Land League Convention, at which it was resolved that the " Act should be tested " by means of certain selected cases ; he was pre- sent afterwards at several large Land League demonstrations ; and on the 13th of Oct. he was arrested and conveyed te Kilmainham Gaol. The Government immediately after- wards proclaimed the Land League as an illegal association, and Mr. Parnell and his colleagues issued the "No Bent" manifeste. Mr. Pamell remained in Kilmainham Gaol till April 10, 1882, when he was released on parole in order to attend the funeral of a relative. On May 2nd following, he was for- mally released, as well as his col- leagues, Mr. John DiUon, M.P., and Mr. O'KeUy, M.P. The free- dom of the city had been voted to Mr. Pamell during his imprison- ment by Dublin and other places, and, on Jan. 3, 1882, he and Mr. Dillon attended in the City Hall, Dublin, to receive the honour. In the session of 1882 he took an active part in procuring the passing of the Arrears Act, and of the Tramways and Labourers Acte in the session of 1883. A national subscription to Mr. Pamell was started in the spring of 1883.
PABBY, The Bight Bbv. Ed- WABD, D.D., Suffragan Bishop of Dover, is the only surviving son of the late Bear- Admiral Sir Edward Parry, K.C.B.,the well-known navi- gator and explorer of the Arctic regions. He was born at Gk)vem- ment House, Sydney, New South Wales, in 1830, and, after a prelimi- nary training at Bugby School, entered Balliol College, Oxford, in 1849, graduating B.A. (first-class in classics) in 1852, and M.A. in 1855. From 1853 to 1856 he was tutor of Durham University. He was ordained deacon in 1854, priest iu 1855, and in 1856 he held the 3k2