as a scientific society of the metro- polis, engaged in the inrestigation of the bibliography of shorthand, and the discovery of a . system for
feneial use. He organized the ociety at its formation in June, 1881, and transferred to it the magazine. He is a member of Council of "The Shorthand Society," and "The Shorthand Writers' As- sociation;" and hon. member of the " International Association of Shorthand Writers of the United States and Canada," and of the " Scottish Shorthand Association." Mr. Pocknell has contributed arti- cles on shorthand to the profes- sional journals and to Modern Thought. In 1859 he was chiefly instrumental in raising and equip- ping the " Press " Company of the Third Manchester (40th Lancashire) Itifle Volunteers, and received a commission as ensign in that regi- ment, which he resigned in 1862.
POLE, William, Mus. Doc., F.E.S., F.E.S.E., civil engineer, was born in 1814. After foUowing the profession for some years he was, in 1844, appointed by the East India Company Professor of Civil Engineering in Elphinstone College, Bombay. In 1847 he returned to London, devoting his chief atten- tion to the mechanical branch of his profession. He took an active part in the provision of the mate- rials and stock for the great rail- way undertakings in India, and from 1871 to the present time he has been consulting engineer in England for the Imperial Bailways of Japan. Since 1873 he has served on the coimcil of the Institution of Civil Engineers. His chief repute in the profession has been on scien- tific grounds. Between 1859 and 1867 he was Professor of Civil En- gineering at University College, London, and Lecturer at the Royal Engineer Establishment, Chatham. He served the Government from 1861 to 1864 as a member of the Iron Armour Committee; from 1863 to 1865 as a member of the
Whitworth and Armstrong Gun Committee; from 1865 to 1867 as Secretary (appointed by her Ma- jesty) to the Royal Commission on Railways; and from 1867 to 1869 as Secretary to that on Water Supply, afterwards undertaking important official investigations in regard to the supply of London. In 1870 he was nominated by the Board of Trade one of the Metrojwlitan Gas Referees, which appointment he still holds. In 1882 he was ap- pointed by the Queen Secretary to the Royal Commission for inquiring into the pollution of the River Thames. In June, 1861, he was elected a FeUow of the Royal Society of London; he has served twice on the council, and was Vice-President in 1876. He was elected into the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 1877, and into the Athenaeum Club with- out ballot (as a scientific distinction) in 1864. He published in 1844 a quarto Treatise on the Steam En- gine; in 1848 a translation of a German work on the same subject; in 1864 and 1870 Scientific Chapters in the Lives of Robert Stephenson and I. K. Brunei j in 1872 a treatise on Iron; and in 1877 " The Life of Sir William Fairbaim, Bart." He is also the author of a well-known scientific work on the game of Whist; has written a great number of papers for scientific journals and periodicals; and is a contributor to the Qtuxrterly Review. He has also studied music, and has been an organ player and composer. He took, in 1860, the Oxford degree of Bachelor, and in 1867 that of Doc- tor of Music, and remains a member of St. John's College in that Uni- versity. He has neld for some years the office of Examiner in Music at the University of London. He is the author of " The Philoso- phy of Music," 1879; and " The Story of Mozart's Requiem," 1879. POLLOCK, The Hon. Sir Chasles Edwabd, was born Oct. 21, 1823, and received his education atl St. Paul's School. When his