father, the late Sir Frederick Pol- lock, was Attorney - General in 1843-4, Mr. Pollock acted as hie secretary, and on the elevation of his father to the position of Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer in 1844, Mr. Pollock became a pupil of the late Mr. Justice WiUes, in whose chambers he remained for nearly three years. Mr. Pollock was called to the bar in 1847, and was created a Queen's Counsel in 1860. He was appointed a Baron of the Exchequer in succession to Mr. Baron Channell, resigned, in Jan. 1873, and .soon afterwards re- ceived the honour of knighthood. Before his elevation to the Bench, he published several legal text- boolra, including a "Treatise on the Law of Merchant Shipping," and another on the " Law and Practice of the Coimty Courts."
PONSONBY, Lieut. - Gen. HsNBY Fbsdebick, C.B., son of Major-General the Hon. Sir P. Ponsonby, was born at Corfu, in 1825, and after receiving a profes- sional education at the Royal Mili- tary College, Sandhurst, was ap- pointed Ensign in the 49th Regi- ment in 1842. After being trans- ferred to the Grenadier Guards, he wafi appointecl Aide-de-Camp to the Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland, and in 1849 was made Private Secretary to the Earl of Clarendon, an office which he held under Lords St. Ger- mans and Carlisle while Viceroys of Ireland. In 1855 he joined the Grenadier Guards in the Crimea, and served at the siege of Sebas- topol. On the conclusion of the war he was appointed Equerry to the Prince Consort, and after his Royal Highness's death, proceeded to Canada, where he commanded a battalion of the Grenadier Guards. On April 8, 1870, he was appointed Private Secretary to Her Majesty the Queen. On the death of Sir Thomas Biddulph he was appointed Keeper of Her Majesty's Privy Purse in Oct., 1878. He is a Knight of the Third Class of the Order of
Medjidie, was created a Companion of the Bath, Aug. 26, 1872. and was one of the Royal Commiiwioners for the Exhibition of 1851.
POOLE,Thb Right Rev. Astsub WiLLLAJi, Bishop of Japan, was edu- cated at Worcester College, Oxford (B.A. 1873; M.A. 1876). He was curate of St. Aldate, Oxford, from 1876 to 1878 ; master of the " Noble " High School at Masulipatam, in Uie presidency of Madras, from 1878 to 1881; and was consecrated Biah<^ of the Church of England in Japan, by the Archbishop of Canterbury (Dr. Benson), in Lambeth Palace chapel, Oct. 18, 1883.
PORTER, Admibal Datid Dixon, born in Pennsylvania, June 8, 1814. He is the youngest son of Commodore David Porter, who com- manded the Essex frigate in the war with Great Britain in 1812-14. He entered the service as a midshipman, in Feb., 1829, and served in the Mediterranean imtil 1835, when he was employed for several years in the coast survey and river explora- tions, and became a Lieutenant in 1841. At the close of 1845 he was placed on special duty at the Ob- servatory at Washington, which position he resigned in 1846, in order to take part in the Mexican war. At the outbreak of the civil war, in 1861, he was promoted to the rank of Commander, and at the beginning of 1862 the mortar fleet for the reduction of the forts below New Orleans was placed under his orders, the entire naval force being commanded by Commodore Farra- gut. After the capture of New Orleans he proceeded up the rivo* with his fleet, and was engaged in the unsuccessful siege of Yicksburg, which was raised July 22, 1862. In the summer of 1863, during the second siege of Yicksburg, he bom- barded the works, and rendered material assistance to General Grant, who commanded the besieging army, until the occupation of that strong- hold, July 4. For this he was made Rear- Admiral. Admiral Porter was