Page:Men of the Time, eleventh edition.djvu/986

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SASKATCSEWAl^— SAULCY.

Spanish shores^ and great privation was caused by the f^ure of provi- sions. This last evil was only re- medied by the admiral purchasing, at his own cost, supplies of meat and biscuit ; but for this the squa- dron must have been surrendered to the Spanish Government. He had soon after to menace with an at- tack a Spanish squadron of a line-of - battle ship, a frigate, and corvettes, sent to drive him out of Spanish waters J and with mutinous crews he managed to fight two actions, eventually succeeding in driving the enemy's ships into Lisbon, while the Tagus was blockaded and Oporto kept free during the time of his command. When confidence was restored, and the crews, who were all English, found how groundless had been their alarms at the motives and conduct of the admiral, they manifested great zeal and devotion ; and on his ascertaining that the time had come when he could retire honourably, and with safety to the cause in which he had embarked, he signified his intention to give up the command to his old friend Napier; and this at a time when officers and men declared their in- tention to serve under no other commander imtil his claims were satisfied. On the re-establishment of the Queen's government, the ad- miral successively received the titles of Viscount de Pudade, Count of Senhafirma, together with the Grand Cross of the Tower and Sword, for the services he had rendered. As captain of the Malahar he received the thanks of the President and Congress of the United States for his efforts to save the U. S. frigate Missouri from destruction by fire in Gibraltar Bay, in 1842. Shortly after he was so fortunate as to re- ceive on board the Regent of Spain, Espartero, and to afford him an asylum when closely pursued by his enemies. Sir George was the first to foresee, in 1855, the revolu- tion about to take place in naval warfare, by the revival of the ancient

mode of striking an adversary with the prow ; the introduction of which principle, as the so-called "ram," has since been adopted. He became Admiral of the White in the British navy in 1862 ; Vice- Admiral of the United Kingdom in 1869 ; and Ad- miral of the Fleet the same year.

SASKATCHEWAN, Bishop op. {See Maclean, Dr.)

SAULCY, Louis Felicien Joseph Caionabt de, antiquary, bom at Lille, March 19, 1807, was admitted into the Polytechnic School in 1825, and became an officer of artillery. He was sta- tioned for some time at Metz, and having devoted his leisure to numis- matics and archaeology, acquired a high reputation as an antiquary. In 1836 he obtained the Numismatic prize of the French Institute for an essay on the Classification of the Byzantine Coins, and was appointed, tlurough the influence of the late Duke of Orleans, Conservator of the Museum of Artillery in Paris. In 1842, having been elected a member of the Academy of Inscrip- tions, he turned his attention to Oriental numismatics and epi- graphs, and in 1850 made a voyage to Palestine, explored the Dead Sea, and the sites of the doomed cities, and on his return, announced that he had found the ruins of Sodom. His "Voyage autour de la Mer Morte et dims les Torres Bibliques," published in 1852-4, and trandated into English, is well known. Owing to his researches in the Holy I^d, M. de Saulcy, from being a sceptic, became a believer in revealed religion. His later works are : "Histoire de TArt Judalque, tir^ des Textes Sacr^s et Profanes, 1858 ; "Les Expeditions de C^sar en Grande - Bretagne," I860; "Voyage en Terre-Sainte," 2 vols., 1865 ; " Les Demiers Jours de Jerusalem," 1866; "Histoire d'H^rode, Roi des Juifs," 1867; " Etude Chronologiaue des Livres d'Esdras et de N6heniie," 1868. and " Dictionnaire Topographiqu *