Member of the Archaeological In- stitute of Eome in 1858. He had meanwhile rendered much assist- ance to Charles Eean in producing his Shaksperean revivals with classic costumes and correct scenery. He delivered a course of lectures on Italian art at the Eoyal Institution, and was appointed Art Secretary at the Manchester Exhibition of 1857, and in the same year Secretary and Keeper of the National Portrait Gallery. He has written " History of the Characteristics of Greek Art," prefixed to Wordsworth's *' Greece ;'* " Descriptions of the Greek, Boman, and Pompeian Courts at the Crystal Palace ;" "Artistic and Descriptive Notes on Remarkable Pictures in the British Institution Exhibition of Ancient Masters,'* published in 1858 ; a *' Catalogue of Pictures and Works of Art in Blenheim Palace," in 1860 ; and a "Catalogue Baisonne of the Pictures belonging to the Society of Antiquaries of London," reprinted from the Fine Arts Quarterly Review, in 1865. In 1866 he delivered a coiu'se of lec- tures at the Royal Institution, upon portraits, illustrated by numerous sketches taken by himself from the original pictures; a second series was given in March, 1868. He is also the author of an account of the celebrated portrait of Richard II., preserved in Westminster Abbey, printed in the Fine Arts Quarterly Review, 1867 ; and of an historical account of the pictures belonging to the Crown, recording their vicis- situdes from the reign of Henry VIII. to the present century, and published in the volume of the Archaeological Institute, entitled "Old London/' 1867. In these catalogues many erroneous titles of portraits were corrected, and several names of eminence, supposed to have been lost, have been recovered. His essays on " The Three Children of the Ejng of CastiUe," a triptych formerly belonging to King Henry VIII.; and a rare portrait of the Empress Leonora, mother of Maxi-
milian, previously unknown, were printed in the Archseologia of the Society of Antiquaries. He contri- buted to the journal of the Royal Archaeological Institute a new in- terpretation of the well-known pic- ture of Queen Elizabeth in a litter surrounded by her nobles, errone- ously engraved by Vertue as "A Procession to Hunsdon House," in 1571. He showed that it was in reality the visit of Queen Elizabeth to Blackfriars in 1600, to celebrate the wedding of Anne Russell to Lord Herbert. This departure from the date assumed by Vertue, had extensively altered the names of the persons represented. His subse- quent works have been elaborate historical catalogues of the paint- ings at Knowsley Hall and Wobum Abbey, privately printed. In 1882, after a service of twenty-five years, as Seci-etary, he was constituted Director of the National Portrait Gallery. His latest work is an elaborate account of the famous portrait of Richard II., preserved at Wilton House, and issued under the auspices of the Arundel Society.
SCHILLING, JoHANN, a German sculptor, born at Mittweida, in Saxony, June 23, 1828. After studying with Rietschel and H&nel he made his d^hut as a sculptor in 1851 with a beautiful group— "Amor and Psyche." Workmg then at Berlin with Drake — the artist of the Victory Column — ^he produced a pair of relief medallions — " Jupiter and Venus," which procured him a travelling scholarship; and the result of the two years* residence in Italy which he was thus enabled to spend, were his "Wounded Achilles" and his "Centaur and Venus." Returning to steady industry at Dresden he turned out in rapid succession a variety of high productions ; and on the death of Rietschel undertook the execu- tion of the city of Spiers* figpire for the Luther monument at Worms. Equal admiration was bestowed on