NOTES AND QUERIES. [W s. v. FEB. 3,
in Strype's edition of Stow published in 1755, which shows the whole length of Ivy Lane, but is lettered only at its river end as "Ivy Bridge "(ii. 650).
When these bridges were removed is un- known ; most probably their removal took place in the sixteenth- century, some time after the Strand was paved.
The following are the points of interest connected with Ivy Lane :
1. It was one of the landing-places for goods for Covent Garden Market.
2. In 1584 Queen Elizabeth gave Durham House to Sir W. Ralegh, and he resided there until he was deprived of it by James I. in 1603. Ivy Lane formed the original boundary of the Durham estate, and sepa- rated it from the land on its eastern side, on which Sir Robert Cecil (afterwards Earl of Salisbury) erected Salisbury House.
3. As recorded by Stow, it "parteth the Liberty of the Dutchie, and the Citie West- minster on that South side " (491).
4. The Duke of York (afterwards James II.) was taken prisoner in 1648, and confined in St. James's Palace, whence he escaped, and, passing down Ivy Lane, took a boat at the stairs there, and proceeded to Gravesend, and ultimately to Rotterdam.
5. Amongst the documents belonging to St. Martin - in - the - Fields is one headed "Rate towardes the repaires of Ivey Bridge, 1651." And in the churchwardens' accounts of the same parish for the same year " there is given the details of a collection from ' per- sons of Honour and others not liveing in this parish towards the repaire of Ivey Bridge, that they might goe with their horses to water"' (Catalogue, &c., pp. 3-4). The continuation of its use for this purpose may (although a century later) have led Strype in 1755 to complain of the passage being " very bad, and .scarce fit for Use, by Reason of the Unpassableness of the Way " (650).
6. It was thus noticed by Pepys in 1669 : " March 22. To several cook's shops, where nothing to be had ; and at last to the corner shop, going down Ivy Lane, by my Lord of Salisbury's, and there got a good dinner."
7. During the first decade of the reign of Queen Victoria, it was well known to, and extensively used by, the public, as the ap- proach to the pier from which the " half- penny " (not the "penny" ones, as stated by Cunningham) boats plied to and from London Bridge. A man in a red coat stood at the Strand entrance to the lane to guide passengers. The service of boats consisted of the Ant, the Bee, and the Cricket; but
after the disastrous explosion of the last named in August, 1847, the service was dis- continued. T. N. BEUSHFIELD, M.D.
SIR GILBERT PICKERING, OF TITCH- MARSH.
IN 3 r<1 S. i. 270 C. J. R. wished to know what relationship existed between the branch of Pickerings at Whaddon (baronetcy created 1661) and that of Titchmarsh, pre- vious to the marriage of Sidney Pickering. The will of Lucy Pickering (dated 6 July, 1680), of Aldwinckle, Northants, single woman, mentions " Sir John Pickering of Titchmarsh " ; "hej" sister Susanna P."; "her brother Mr. John P., deceased " ; " her adopted son, Mr. Gilbert P. (son and heir apparent of Sir John P.) " ; "her sister Mrs. Mary Allin " ; " her nephew Sir Henry P." ; "her nephew Mr. Charles Dryden [spelt Draiden] ; " her nephew Mr. Robert Elton " ; " her nephew and godson Erasmus Lauton."
In Wotton's 'The English Baronetage/ vol. i. p. 352, London, 1741, the third son, Erasmus Dryden, of Titchmarsh, in com. North ton., Esq., married Mary, daughter of John Pickering, D.D., rector of Aldwinckle, by whom he had four sons and ten daughters : 1. John, the Poet-Laureate, &c. Again, at
E. 358, Charles, the eldest (son of John, Poet- aureate).
In Burke's ' Peerage and Baronetage,' 1857, p. 324 (under Dryden), 3, Erasmus, of Titch- marsh, co. Northampton, married Mary, daughter of Rev. John Pickering, D.D.> and had, (together) with daughters, four sons, &c.
In Betham's * Baronetage,' vol. iv., 1804, p. 273 (under Dryden), 3. Erasmus Dryden, of Titchmarsh, in Northampton, Esq., who married Mary, daughter of John Pickering, D.D., rector of Aldwinckle, by whom he had four sons and ten daughters : 1, John, the Poet-Laureate, &c. Of the daughters, 2, Rose,
was wife of Laughton, D.D., of Catworth,.
&c. Again, at p. 277, John, the Poet- Laureate, married Lady Elizabeth Howard, and had issue three sons, viz., Charles,. John, and Henry.
Although VVotton, Burke, and Betham, each state that Erasmus Dryden married Mary, daughter of John Pickering, D.D. r other authorities state that Mary was the daughter of Henry Pickering, D.D. See Whalley's edition of Bridges's 'History of Northamptonshire,' vol. ii. p. 211 :
"In the Parsonage house of Aldwiricle All Saints, was born Mr. Dryden the Poet, whose Mother was,